Things That Matter

People Across The Nation Are Coming Together To #DefendDACA

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) was first announced by the secretary of Homeland Security on June 15, 2012, marking a major victory for hundreds of thousands of undocumented young people in the U.S. For the first time, people were able to come out of the shadows to get work permits, attend college and contribute to the economy of the country they all call home. Five years later, DACA is at stake because of a lawsuit against the federal government led by Texas. DACA is an executive order that was signed by President Obama in August 2012, meaning President Trump has the authority and capability to rescind it. Here’s how DACA has gone from a new proposal to a program at risk, and how some politicians are trying to save it.

August 15 is the Day Of Action to #DefendDACA.

The Tom K. Wong, United We Dream, National Immigration Law Center, and Center for American Progress National Survey spoke with DACA beneficiaries, also called Dreamers, about their educational and employment opportunities since getting on the program. Results from the study show that 95 percent of people who are on DACA are either working or in school. Furthermore, the survey shows that DACA beneficiaries are contributing to the U.S. economy in several different industries, including the nonprofit sector, educational and health services and professional and business services.

DACA beneficiaries are using the program to go to school, get jobs, get better pay and contribute to the U.S. economy in positive ways.

“DACA has given me the ability to work. It has given me the ability to actually fulfill my dreams. It’s so basic,” Emmanuel Ramos Barajas, a mitú video producer, says. “It just allows you to work. Without being able to work, I can’t do any of the things that I want to do. I think a lot of people take that for granted, the right to work. Without that right to work, I can’t do any of things that I want to do that I’ve prepared my whole life to do even if I went to university and I graduated with my bachelor’s.”

Despite studies showing that the program is working to benefit the U.S. economy, 10 states are threatening to sue the federal government if the program isn’t rescinded by President Trump.

Texas, Arkansas, Alabama, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, South Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia all joined in a lawsuit aimed at eliminating the proposed program Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA). When Trump became president, DAPA, which was introduced in 2014, was rescinded. At that time, Trump and Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly promised that DACA would remain in place. The original lawsuit was solely focused on DAPA, but these states have threatened Trump with a lawsuit tailored to go after DACA if he doesn’t rescind the program.

If the case against DACA makes it to the courts, officials in immigration have already said it might not withstand a legal battle.

CREDIT: mitú

In July, Sec. Kelly met with members of Congress alert them that DACA would likely fail a court case questioning its constitutionality. Congressman Luis Gutierrez informed the press and activists that DACA is in real jeopardy.

Dreamers lead the fight for DACA. Now that it is at risk, some beneficiaries are calling people to join together to renew the fight to protect what they helped create.

“I feel like, at this time, the best thing to do is to stick together and protect our community,” Ramos Barajas says. “It’s a very scary time, honestly, because even though I don’t think about it every day, in the back of my head I know that I can wake up tomorrow to the news that DACA has been overturned and I won’t have a job. Everything that I have worked for my entire life will be on hold indefinitely until I figure out what to do. It wouldn’t be fair because this is my home. This is where I’ve made my life; where all of my friends and family live.”

Julio Salgado is an artist and a Dreamer. He uses his art as a form of activism to bring attention to the fight for DACA and the lives of undocumented youth, particularly queer youth.

“I think taking DACA away is a way to show that this administration is not joking when they promised anti-immigrant policies,” artist Julio Salgado says.

“DACA is one of the few things that undocumented organizers won aside from all the deportations they stopped,” Salgado says. “If DACA goes away, it sure will be an inconvenience. But I’m a hustler. I am an immigrant. I have survival skills. Don’t let those sci-fi movies fool you into thinking that only white people survive horrific life circumstances.”

In response to the threat, four senators introduced a bill that would create a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants.

The Dream Act, introduced by Republicans Lindsey Graham and Jeff Flake and Democrats Chuck Schumer and Dick Durbin, would allow for undocumented immigrants and DACA beneficiaries to become citizens. It would be a long process but the bill, which has garnered bipartisan support, effectively creates a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants.

It wouldn’t be an immediate jump to citizenship because there are certain criteria people would have to meet.

CREDIT: mitú

According to the National Immigration Law Center, this is the proposed process:

  • Current DACA beneficiaries would be granted a conditional permanent residency. People who are on Temporary Protected Status and people with final orders of removal would have a chance to apply for the same status.
  • After eight years as a conditional permanent resident, people can apply to become lawful permanent residents if they go to college, have worked for a certain amount of time or served in the U.S. military.
  • After five years as a lawful permanent resident, people would then be able to apply for U.S. citizenship.

Ramos Barajas believes The Dream Act is a good step forward if it gets passed.

“I don’t think it’s a solution across the board because the immigration system is completely broken so that needs a complete overhaul but this, let’s call it a Band-Aid, would be so helpful because it would allow millions of young people to enter into the workforce,” Ramos Barajas says. “It’s not just people doing every day stuff, it would also be people motivated to work in law and in medicine. These things are all beneficial because if you have lawyers and politician who understand the issues because they have lived through them, for them it’s going to be much more personal and they are going to go out and try to make these things happen.”

“We cannot allow the lives of these young Americans to be threatened, and the chants of white supremacists to thrive,” Julissa Arce, an immigration activist, wrote in an op-ed for mitú.

“DACA has changed the lives of many of these young people; in the same way Texas changed my life in 2001,” Arce wrote.


READ: DACA Has Made It Possible For 800k Young People To Work Legally In America. Today People Fight To Protect It.

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Guatemala’s President Is Going To Have To Settle The Immigration Negotiation With Trump

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Guatemala’s President Is Going To Have To Settle The Immigration Negotiation With Trump

dr.giammattei / Instagram

Tuesday marked a new era of leadership in Guatemala as the Latin country swore in Alejandro Giammattei, a conservative doctor and former prison system director from the right-wing Vamos party. The 63-year-old won the presidency on his fourth attempt back in August with bold promises of changing a corrupt government and restoring the rule-of-law in city streets. 

“Today, we are putting a full stop on corrupt practices so they disappear from the face of this country,” Giammattei said at his swearing-in ceremony that had a five-hour delay.

His ceremony somewhat overshadowed by delays and protests against ex-President Jimmy Morales, who for four years dodged accusations of corruption. The scene of protestors throwing eggs and voicing anger at the outgoing administration was a reminder of the displeasure against the country’s deep-seated political corruption. It’s also a key reason why many are looking to Giammattei to bring change to the struggling country. 

As Giammattei takes office, there are questions on what his presidency will mean to Guatemala in the short and long term as issues over the future of an asylum deal with the United States comes into focus. 

One of the biggest issues confronting Guatemala and one that Giammattei will have to address early is the Asylum Cooperation Agreement (ACA) that was signed by Morales last July with the U.S. government. The agreement, which was highly opposed in Guatemala, lets U.S. immigration officials send Honduran and Salvadoran migrants that are requesting asylum at the U.S.-Mexican border to apply for protection here instead. There is now increasing skepticism as reports say that the U.S. wants to expand the deal to include Mexican asylum seekers as well.

Last year, there were many Guatemalans that were part of a 3,000 migrant caravan that made its way up from Latin America to the U.S. The caravan consisted of people that were looking to claim asylum and became a symbol of the growing migration crisis at the southern border. President Trump frequently attacked the caravan and eventually threatened to impose tariffs on Guatemala if it didn’t agree to the asylum deal.

According to the Guatemalan Migration Institute, “as of Friday, 128 Salvadoran and Honduran asylum seekers had been sent as part of the agreement,” with only a limited number actually applying for asylum there and others returning home. Giammattei has previously said that he’s willing to make changes to the agreement but on Tuesday said he would revisit details later. 

The country, one of Latin America’s poorest nations, is a key part of President Trump’s plan to curb illegal immigration and asylum claims. mostly from those coming to the U.S. Southern border. The issue for many living in Guatemala is how to let those seeking asylum when itself has become a major source of U.S. bound migrants. 

Poverty levels have only grown in the last 20 years and income inequality levels continue to be a big problem in the country. 

One of the big platform issues that Giammattei ran his campaign on was helping the shorten income inequality gap and poverty levels that have only grown in the last 20 years. Fifty-nine percent of Guatemalan citizens live below the poverty line and almost 1 million children under the age of 5 are believed to live with chronic malnutrition, according to the AP. 

There is also the rampant problem of street violence and cartel gangs that have had a major effect on the daily lives of many in the country. Giammattei plans to address this with reforms that include designating “street gangs as terrorist groups.”

“This is the moment to rescue Guatemala from the absurd. It is the moment to combat corruption and malnutrition,” Giammattei said on Tuesday in his first address to the country as president. “There is no peace without security, I will present a law that aims to declare street gangs for what they are – terrorist groups.”

There is hope that Giammattei will turn a new page in Guatemala that will see change come to all in the country that has faced uncertainty for years. But only time will tell if this is indeed new leadership or business as usual.

“We will bring back the peace this country so dearly needs,” Giammattei said. “We will govern with decency, with honourability, and with ethical values.”

READ: In Efforts To Double Latino Representation In Hollywood, LA Mayor Eric Garcetti Unveils New Historic Initiative

Mexican National Jumped To His Death Off A Bridge After He Was Denied Asylum

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Mexican National Jumped To His Death Off A Bridge After He Was Denied Asylum

El Mañana de Reynosa / Facebook

To understand why undocumented immigrants will do everything in their power to get to the United States is to fundamentally understand what is at the core of their fears. They are not all seeking the “American Dream” or to have a better life, many are seeking to have a life free of fear and violence. For many people seeking asylum, it’s a matter of life or death. Remaining in their home countries means death, and there’s no other way of saying it. People are dying at the hands of gangs and the cartels. So, when people risk their lives to enter the U.S. without documentation, it’s because they have nothing to lose. The worst part of all is being turned away by the U.S. because some of these have nothing else to live for. 

A Mexican national in his 30s or 40s cut his throat and jumped to his death off a bridge across the Rio Grande after he was denied by the U.S. border patrol.

Credit: @mlnangalama / Twitter

The man, who has yet to be identified, committed suicide on Wednesday, Jan. 8, and according to several news reports, was seeking asylum. Reports say that he jumped off the Pharr-Reynosa International Bridge, which is between the Mexican border city of Reynosa and Pharr, Texas. 

We attempted to reach information about his death via the U.S. border patrol. However, because the death occurred on Mexican soil, American officials do not have to comment about the death or include it in any of their reports. 

Mexican officials are investigating the death further.

Credit: El Mañana de Reynosa / Facebook

The prosecutor’s office for the Mexican state of Tamaulipas did release more information about the man saying, “He was attempting to cross to the U.S. side to request asylum. When he was denied entry, he walked several meters (yards) toward the Mexican side and cut himself with a knife.” The death occurred around 5 p.m. local time. 

It’s unclear why the man decided to take such extreme measures, but as we noted earlier, some of the undocumented people have said returning home is like facing death. 

According to footage made available to the Spanish-language publication, El Mañana de Reynosa, a video shows the man pacing back and forth on the bridge while officials attempt to calm him down.  The standoff lasted for about 15 minutes. Since the man was behaving dangerously, U.S. officials closed the gates to the border and stopped international entry. After the man jumped, the Red Cross arrived at the scene where he was pronounced dead. 

Undocumented people are facing even more hardships when getting denied asylum. Aside from “remaining in Mexico” until it’s time for their asylum hearing, some are now being transferred to Guatalama even if they’re Mexican.

Credit: El Mañana de Reynosa / Facebook

This week the Trump Administration announced that some Mexican nationals would be sent to Guatalama under near agreements between both country officials. 

“Certain Mexicans seeking humanitarian protection in the United States may now be eligible to be transferred to Guatemala and given the opportunity to seek protection there, under the terms of the Guatemala Asylum Cooperative Agreement,” a spokesperson for the agency said in a statement to NBC News.

To make matters worse, the outgoing Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales said that agreement never became official. He said the U.S. would have to discuss the matter further with the new president. 

“It’s more than clear; in the agreement, it only lays out Salvadorans and Hondurans,” Morales said, according to Time magazine. “The United States has talked about the possibility of including Mexican nationals, but that they have to discuss it with the next government. In the last visit we made to the White House with President Trump we were clear saying that that negotiation had to be done with the new government.”

All of this disorganization by the part of the United States just complicates matters more for the vulnerable undocumented community. They seek to enter the United States, and getting turned away means more uncertainty than before. 

This is not the first time a person has committed suicide soon after being deported. 

Credit: @adv_project / Twitter

In 2017,  44-year-old Guadalupe Olivas Valencia also jumped to his death soon after he was deported to Mexico. He had been previously living in California, working as a gardener. 

READ: Trump Administration Plans To Send Some Mexican Asylum-Seekers To Guatemala And Mexico Is Fighting Back