Things That Matter

Saint Patrick’s Battalion Was A Group Of Mainly Irish Soldiers Fighting Against The U.S. During The Mexican-American War

mx_military / Instagram / John Patrick O'Riley / U.S. Government

It’s Saint Patrick’s Day and while everyone wants to be Irish, Mexicans are celebrating the Irish. That’s right. Every year on Saint Patrick’s Day, a group of Irish soldiers are remembered for their sacrifice on behalf of Mexico during the Mexican-American War. Here’s a brief history about the group of soldiers that made Saint Patrick’s Day an important day in Mexico.

This Saint Patrick’s Day, let’s discuss the Saint Patrick’s Battalion.

@mx_military / Instagram

Tension between the United States and Mexico reached a peak in 1846 after the U.S. annexed Texas the year before. The decision to take the land from Mexico led to the Mexican-American War that took place from 1846 to 1848. By the end of the war, the U.S. took one-third of Mexico’s territory including California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico.

Also leading up to 1846, Irish citizens were fleeing to the U.S. to escape famine and poverty that had plagued Ireland. During that time, Irish immigrants to the U.S. were facing relentless discrimination, both in and out of the military.

The discrimination and dehumanization some Irish immigrants felt in the U.S. led them to flee south to fight along the Mexican armed forces.

@radicalteatowel / Instagram

Mexican military officials who were preparing for a war against the U.S. learned about their circumstances and began recruiting the Irish immigrants. They were promised land and money to leave the U.S. and join their army.

Unhappy with the discrimination in the U.S., some Irish Catholic immigrants joined the Mexican army.

John Patrick O’Riley / U.S. Government

According to The Texas State Historical Association, the Irish soldiers were first called the Battalion of Foreigners. The name was later changed to Saint Patrick’s Battalion and they had their own flag, pictured above. The battalion, comprised mainly of Irish Catholics, was led by John Patrick O’Riley. They saw battle in Monterey, Saltillo, Buena Vista and, most importantly, Churubusco in 1847.

The Battle of Churubusco took place outside of Mexico City and was a victory that shed light on the end of the two-year war. According to TIME, Mexican military officials tried to raise the flag of surrender multiple time. However, Saint Patrick’s Battalion kept taking the flag down. They were outnumbered, running out of ammunition and over half of the battalion had been killed or captured.

The official day to celebrate the battalion is Sept 12, but why not celebrate them twice?

@stpatrickstoronto / Instagram

The U.S. won that battle and entered Mexico City. Shortly after they declared victory and began prosecuting the captured Irish deserters. Many were hanged for the crime of desertion. According to TIME, Mexican citizens were outraged by the hangings and attempted to attack the American prisoners. They were stopped by Mexican authorities.

The Saint Patrick’s Battalion is remembered to this day throughout Mexico as a valiant group of soldiers.

@aibrean62 / Instagram

“In memory of the martyred Irish soldiers of the heroic Saint Patrick’s Battalion who gave their lives for Mexico during the unjust North American invasion of 1847.”

What a touching tribute to a group of Irishmen, angry at the American society, willing to take up arms for the Mexicans. Honestly, there is something heroic about fighting to preserve someone else’s liberties when you feel like yours are under attack.

The Irish soldiers died protecting an adopted country from the U.S.’s idea of Manifest Destiny.

@miguelargueta94 / Instagram

“Saint Patrick’s Battalion Plaza. In memory of the Irish soldiers killed during the American Intervention in Mexico of 1847.”

Their contribution in the war meant so much to Mexican society that they have a Plaza dedicated in their honor. The offered a foreign country the ultimate sacrifice. Their life in exchange for being able to stand up to their enemies.

That’s why a holiday with Irish roots has a place on the Mexican calendar.

@al_jaram / Instagram

That’s a very brief story about Saint Patrick’s Battalion who fought for the Mexican side of the Mexican-American War.

READ: Because Some People Still Can’t Tell You Why Cinco De Mayo Is Significant, Here’s An Easy Explainer

This New Facility Cost $12 Million And It’s All Designed To Stop Rampant Avocado Theft

Culture

This New Facility Cost $12 Million And It’s All Designed To Stop Rampant Avocado Theft

avocadosfrommexico / Instagram

So avocado theft is one of the reasons that our beloved aguacate has been getting more and more expensive. According to Mexican authorities, the industry loses more than 12 tons of avocados to theft each day! That’s a lot of missed guacamole potential.

So together with the USDA, one Mexican group is creating a new facility and identifying new shipping routes to help cut these losses which are spiraling out of control.

Avocado growers have teamed up to build a facility that helps prevent theft.

Credit: @poandpo / Twitter

The absolutely depressing rise in avocado prices has left many of us nearly penniless but our problems pale in comparison to those being faced by the agricultural industry in Mexico.

Each and every day nearly 12 tons of avocados are stolen between the orchards and packing plants.

Between 2017 and 2019, Mexico reported 440 avocado theft investigations, and because Mexican-grown avocados made up 78 percent of the U.S. market last year, this spells trouble Stateside as well. Producers lose an average of four truckloads of avocados per day because of organized crime intervention. The majority of Mexican avocados that make their way to the U.S. come from the state of Michoacan, in a city called Uruapan, which accounts for 92 percent of Mexico’s avocado production last year,

I mean, apparently, avocado theft is a legit thing.

Credit: @jckichen / Twitter

And we’re not talking about shoving that $1.99 avocado in your pocket at the supermarket or “forgetting to pay” for a few that may have fallen into your purse.

Back in 2017, three men in California were arrested on suspicion of grand theft of avocados after the disappearance of $300,000 worth of the creamy fruit.

Police believe the men were stealing and selling avocados to unsuspecting customers for at least several months. 

The new $12 million facility is meant to finally address the issue of widespread theft.

A new $12 million facility will be built; a venture between the Association of Export Producers and Packers of Avocado from Mexico (APEAM), the Mexican Department of Agriculture and Agrarian Development (SADER), and also house the local offices for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Casa APEAM, as the facility is called, will also be part of Mexican officials new strategy to find safer export routes for avocados out of Mexico.

Silvano Aureoles, the governor of Michoacán, said he is working with avocado producers to plot new trucking routes to avoid the theft of trucks and merchandise. Part of these new actions could be exporting the avocados from the Port of Lázaro Cárdenas instead of the Port of Manzanillo, putting surveillance cameras on the road to Lázaro Cárdenas and increasing surveillance of truck shipments out of Michoacán.

And this news couldn’t come soon enough because prices for avocados continue to skyrocket!

Credit: @wdsu / Twitter

Avocado prices have been soaring recently, with a recent report revealing that the national price of Hass avocados has risen by 93 cents since last year.

On the wholesale side (think restaurants, markets), last year a 25-pound box cost $37 but that price has risen to $89 in 2019. That’s a huge and unfortunate increase for lovers of aguacate.

READ: 24 Ways To Use Avocado That Aren’t Guacamole

One Of Mexico’s Biggest Soccer Clubs Has Banned The Use Of The Homophobic Chant That Has Gone On For Far Too Long

Entertainment

One Of Mexico’s Biggest Soccer Clubs Has Banned The Use Of The Homophobic Chant That Has Gone On For Far Too Long

VillasArmy / Twitter

U.S.-based Mexico fan group Pancho Villas’ Army has inserted a “no goalkeeper chant” clause into the group’s membership and made abstaining from shouting the anti-gay chant a condition for buying tickets for games in their section, in a bid to help put an end to the chant often heard in stadiums when the Mexico national team plays.

This could be progress towards finally ending the homophobic chant heard all too often at Mexican football games.

The group, Pancho Villa’s Army, made the announcement banning its members from yelling the chant.

Credit: @villasarmy / Twitter

In an open letter to its members, the group says: “One area where I think we can improve upon is the infamous PU%* Chant. For me and many others, it is no longer relevant to debate what the word means or doesn’t mean. Its simply a matter of respect and common courtesy. We should do our best to be good guests at all the stadiums that welcome us.”

The group notes that fans already follow several other rules. So what’s another rule if its meant to make sure everyone feels more comfortable.

The group has even added the rule into its code of conduct. In their letter they add: “Moving forward, we will adopt a  “No Pu%^ Chant” clause into our membership rules and code of conduct. While our code generally covers the chant we will specifically list it as unacceptable conduct. The same clause will be inserted into our ticket purchases pages. We already informed all PVA ticket purchasers that our section is a standing, cheering, and singing section. The same page will now inform potential PVA ticket purchasers that our section is a NO PU&% CHANT section too.”

All of this comes as the Mexican team and Mexican fans come under increased scrutiny for the homophobic slur.

Credit: @MikeMadden / Twitter

A section of El Tri fans regularly shout an anti-gay slur as the opposition goalkeeper runs up to take his goal-kick and the federation has been fined on multiple occasions by FIFA because of it, although it was stamped out at Russia 2018 after an educational campaign from the federation, fan groups and players, as well as the threat of Fan IDs being taken away.

But the chant was heard regularly during Mexico games in the United States this summer at the Gold Cup.

Fans that have bought tickets for Mexico’s game on Sept. 10 against Argentina in San Antonio, Texas and don’t want to adhere to the policy will receive a refund for their tickets.

The group says the decision is about being inclusive of all fans, including those from the LGBTQ community.

“It’s about people joining who wish to create an environment that feels welcoming to our LGBTQ Mexico fans,” reads the statement. “As an organization that has LGBTQ leaders and members we take this charge very seriously.”

The reaction on Twitter was overwhelmingly positive with soccer fans from around the world celebrating the announcement.

Most on Twitter were thrilled that at least one group was taking the steps necessary to address the issue. They’re going directly to their members and making it a condition of membership to stop using the chant.

FIFA has warned soccer federations all over the world, including Mexico, that discriminatory chanting will activate the “three-step procedure” that could lead to the abandoning of World Cup qualifying matches if the chant is heard. The referee would first stop the match, then suspend it and eventually abandon it if the discriminatory behavior doesn’t cease. Yet at nearly every game of El Tri you’ll still hear the chant.

Many pointed out that PVA will be on the right side of history with this new rule.

Despite there being an ongoing debate among fans if the chant is meant to be homophobic or not, people are realizing that all fans should be comfortable – and, yes, that includes those from the LGBTQ community.

And as one of the first fan clubs to issue an official rule, Pancho Villa’s Army will have been seen as a leader on this issue. So bravo PVA! And thank you.

READ: Why Do Mexico’s Football Fans Keep Going Unpunished For Shouting Homophobic Slurs At Opposing Players

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