“At that time Macondo was a village of twenty adobe houses, built on the bank of a river of clear water that ran along a bed of polished stones, which were white and enormous, like prehistoric eggs. The world was so recent that many things lacked names, and in order to indicate them it was necessary to point,” (Gabriel García Márquez, 1970).
This quote comes from the novel, “One Hundred Years of Solitude” by Colombian author, Gabriel García Márquez. The village that is described in the quote, Macondo, is the magical village that is illustrated in today’s Google doodle, drawn by Matthew Cruickshank, as seen below:
With today’s doodle, Google celebrates what would have been Gabriel García Márquez’s 91st birthday.
Born on March 6, 1927, García Márquez grew to be one of the most iconic authors of the 20th century, defining the genre of magical realism with his novels such as “One Hundred Years of Solitude” and “Love in the Time of Cholera.” Although García Márquez passed away on April 17, 2014 due to pneumonia, today’s vibrant Google illustration is bringing him and his beautiful work back to life.
Every detail in the Google Doodle, from the plants, to the wildlife, small adobe houses and the yellow butterfly, are representative of elements from García Márquez’s famous novel, “One Hundred Years of Solitude.” This novel, which García Márquez had originally written in Spanish, was published in 1967 and was later published in English in 1970. Shortly after the release of the novel, hundreds of thousands of copies of the book were sold. García Márquez was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982 and became a huge inspiration for several novelists, such as Toni Morrison and Junot Díaz. Today “One Hundred Days of Solitude” is classified as one of the Literary Classics, alongside other highly criticized novels such as “Pride and Prejudice” and “A Tale of Two Cities.”
Fans of García Márquez are sharing the Google Doodle and taking the time to recommend some of his greatest works.
Today's Google doodle honors the birthday of magic realist author extraordinaire Gabriel García Márquez. Two short stories I would recommend that you read: "The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World" and "Death Constant Beyond Love." Haunting allegories of how love & kindness win.
Even though Marvel and DC Comics superhero comics are obviously very popular in Latin America (as they are in the rest of the world), the region has developed its own comic book industry. This industry has given birth to iconic characters. These characters and stories speak directly to Latin American reality and identity. They deal with challenges such as economic crisis, class division, racism, and State repression. Of course, they do this in an often funny way. Other comics have achieved cult status even if their quality is, well, not of the highest standards. These are ten titles that speak of the depth and breathe of Latin American creativity.
Title: Condorito Country of origin: Chile So when was it first published? It has been published since 1949 Created by: René Ríos, known as Pepo
The adventures of a Chilean condor that lives among humans is told in short vignettes that always end with a character passing out and the iconic word PLOP. Simple stories deal, however, with issues such as unemployment, the military dictatorship in Chile and class division. Condorito is a working-class everyman who faces class discrimination. Before Pinochet took power the comic was a bit conservative, mocking hippies and left-wing politicians, but after the coup, it changed and silently denounced the dictatorship. A 3D animated movie was released in 2017, with iconic characters such as Cabeza de Huevo, Garganta de Lata and Pepe Cortisona.
Title: La familia Burrón Country of origin: Mexico So when was it first published? 1948 Created by: Gabriel Vargas
It was published for 60 years and told half a million copies, a huge number by Mexican publishing standards. Cuevas got into the hearts and minds of a lower-class Mexico City family. It is a linguistic jewel: it used slang, Prehispanic words and invented words that appealed to the creativity of chilango vernacular. Vargas’s main influence was American comics, but he soon developed a style that was unique and influences generations of Latin American comic book artists.
And this family is a true icon of Mexico City
Up until today, this family is venerated by Mexicans. There are multiple murals, toys and museum exhibitions dedicated to the Burrones. A true representation of 20th century Mexican idiosyncrasy.
Title: Las aventuras de Capulina Country of origin: Mexico So when was it first published? 1970s Created by: Oscar González Guerrero on a character created by Gaspar Henaine Pérez
Gaspar Henaine Pérez, better known as Capulina, was a comedian that became iconic on the 1970s and 1980s. He had a television show and a very successful duo with Marco Antonio Campos, better known as Viruta. The character of Capulina gained huge popularity in a comic book series with stories by comic artist Oscar González Guerrero and art by his son Oscar Gonzalez Loyo.
Title: El libro vaquero Country of origin: Mexico So when was it first published? 1978 Created by: Mario de la Torre Barrón, c
A classic of Mexican kitsch! NSFW content that has plenty of blood and plenty of sex. It was considered mass entertainment for the lower classes but is now being reinterpreted as an important cultural icon that deals with gender, sex and national identity. As the title suggests, it all happens in a microcosm of cowboys and saloons. This comic book has enrolled some famous writers, such as Jordi Soler, to write stories, as it is now a cultural icon, popular among hipsters.
Title: Memín Pinguín (yes, this one is quite problematic) Country of origin: Mexico So when was it first published? 1962-2010 Created by: Yolanda Vargas Dulché.
First things first: this is a very controversial title because of how the Afro-Mexican main character is drawn, and because of the ways in which other characters refer to him. There are plenty of stereotypes here, but also a denouncement of racism. The class division in Mexico is also referred to when a rich student is enrolled in a public school and faces the wrath of the proletariat. An interesting object of study that makes us think of how representations of race that might have been seen as innocent at the time gain new dimensions as the effects of stereotypes are better understood.
Title: Kaliman Country of origin: Mexico So when was it first published? 1965 (previously a radio show from 1963) Created by: Modesto Vázquez González (radio show), Hector González Dueñas (Víctor Fox) y Clemente Uribe Ugarte (comic book)
During the 1960s Mexico was a cultural powerhouse in the continent and Kaliman is good proof of this. The superhero was originally just a voice on the radio, but then became a comic book that was published for 26 uninterrupted years, which spanned 1351 issues. Kaliman is a superhero of unknown origin who was raised in India and fights alongside an Egyptian kid named Solin. Kaliman practices multiple martial arts and goes to mystical places like Tibet! A true transnational creation generated in Latin America
Title: Mafalda (but of course we couldn’t possibly forget her!) Country of origin: Argentina So when was it first published? 1964-1973 Created by: Quino
More of a comic strip rather than a comic book, Mafalda is a young girl who hates soup, loves her family and despairs at the state of the world. Argentina’s answer to Charlie Brown and the Peanuts series is a funny, nostalgic and thought-provoking universe in which childhood’s point of view reveals the idiocy of the adult world. Mafalda is a symbol of pacifism and a true icon of Argentina.
Title: Love and Rockets Country of origin: United States So when was it first published? 1981 Created by:the Hernandez brothers: Gilbert, Jaime, and Mario.
Perhaps the most daring and iconic comic book to come out of the Latino community in the United States. This universe of interrelated storylines have traits that make it uniquely Latino: some stories take place in the Central American fictional village of Palomar, while others have magical realism elements. The Locas series focuses on Maggie and Hopey, one of the first queer couples in the American comic book tradition.
Title: Turey El Taíno Country of origin: Puerto Rico So when was it first published? 1989 Created by: Ricardo Álvarez-Rivón
A unique comic book in that it shows how an indigenous community, the Tainos of what is now Puerto Rico, lived before colonization by the Spanish. It shows the cultural richness of the island in pre-Columbus days and brings back indigenous words and tools. A real standout!
Title: Elpidio Valdés Country of origin: Cuba So when was it first published? 1970 Created by: Juan Padrón
A true Cuban classic and perhaps the most famous comic book to come out of the island. In a truly nationalistic spirit (some might argue that these comic books are in fact propaganda), the story takes place in the nineteenth-century war of independence that Cubans waged against Spain. Elpidio Valdés is a multiplatform narrative, as there are movies and cartoons about this historical character.
Google has become well known for it’s regularly tributed to some of the most famed people in history. Unsurprisingly, Latinos make up a massive bundle of Google’s over 900 doodles.
And today, Google is honoring an Argentine doctor who contributed one of the most commonly used medical procedures to the world – saving millions of lives in the process.
The legacy of Argentine surgeon Rene Favaloro is being remembered by a Google Doodle today on what would have been his 96th birthday.
René Favaloro, a pioneering Argentine heart surgeon, is being remembered with a Google Doodle for his contributions to coronary bypass surgery on what would have been his 96th birthday.
Born in La Plata, Argentina, in 1923, Favaloro started his career as a doctor in the farming community of Jacinto Arauz, where he built his own operating room, trained nurses and set up a local blood bank.
In 1962 he moved to the United States where he pioneered coronary bypass surgery, a technique used to restore blood flow to the heart when the vessel supplying it is blocked.
René Favaloro was a pioneer in cardiac surgery and his discovery has saved countless lives.
Favaloro developed a method using a vein from the leg, implanting it to bypass the blockage in the coronary artery. He performed the first operation of this kind on a 51 year-old woman at the Cleveland Clinic in 1967. The historic operation was a success and the procedure has saved countless lives since then.
Today, coronary artery bypass surgery is one of the most common operations. Doctors performed 213,700 in the U.S. in 2011.
But who was René Favaloro?
Rene Favaloro was born in 1923 in La Plata, Argentina and went on to earn a degree in medicine from the National University of La Plata in 1948.
He worked as a doctor in his home country for a time before moving to the US to study thoracic and cardiovascular surgery at the Cleveland Clinic
Favaloro returned to Argentina in 1972, where he would later found his own medical institution, the Favaloro Foundation.
While Favaloro himself was reluctant to be known as the “father” of coronary bypass surgery, his work played a fundamental role in introducing the procedure into the clinical arena.
Of his legacy, Favaloro wrote: “’We’ is more important than ‘I.’ In medicine, the advances are always the result of many efforts accumulated over the years.”
Today, the Favaloro Foundation serves patients based on their medical needs rather than their ability to pay and tecaches Dr Favaloro’s innovative techniques to doctors all over Latin America.
Sadly, his clinic pushed him into debt and he took his own life in 2000.
He took his own life on July 29, 2000 at the age of 77. The day before his death he sent a letter to then-Argentine President Fernando de la Rúa (who died three days ago) asking him for help to secure funding for his foundation, which had become mired in debt as a result of a national economic crisis.
Many took to Twitter to share in their Argentine pride.
Many were excited to see such an important Argentine figure getting global recognition for this contributions to the world.
While other doctors expressed how much they owe to Dr. Favaloro.
Without the work of Dr. Favaloro, many doctors pointed out that we could be living in a world where there are a lot more preventable deaths because of heart disease.