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11 People Who Changed The Course Of History In Latin America Through Violence And Military Coups

Latin America is the product of diverse processes of colonization that started with Christopher Columbus in 1492. Since then, the various countries that make up Latin America have seen numerous rulers and leaders launch violent coups to take power. Some of the rulers were eventually removed when the people led revolutions to overthrow their oppressive regimes. Here are 11 rulers in Latin America that used violence, intimidation and power to overthrow governments and stripped the rights away from the citizens of their countries.

1.  Fidel Castro

Credit: p04j14q0. Digital image. BBC News.


Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz is one of the most recognizable faces when people talk about violent dictatorships. In the 1950s, Castro led a coup d’etat that toppled the authoritarian and Communist rule of Fulgencio Batista, a vicious ruler in his own right. Castro’s rise to power resulted in the deaths of thousands of Cubans and a humanitarian crisis as thousands more took to leaky rafts in an attempt to escape the country.

Credit: anderson-castro. Digital image. New Yorker.


Castro’s guerrilla war in Cuba led to decades of uncertainty and oppressive rule. He ruled over the country from 1956 to 2008 using intimidation, exile, imprisonment and violence to maintain control of the island. He gave the power of the country to his brother, Raul, when his health began to fail. Fidel died in November 2016 causing celebrations by Cuban exiles around the world and renewing hope that the island could soon be free again.

2. Augusto Pinochet

CREDIT: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. – Archivo General Histórico del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores

Augusto Pinochet took control of Chile after a U.S.-back coup d’etat in September 1973 overthrowing a democratically elected president. During his rule as the dictator of Chile from 1973 to 1990, Pinochet pushed through a constitutional rewrite the handed a majority of the power to the president allowing him to rule with little restraint.

CREDIT: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. – Archivo General Histórico del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores


After his death in 2006, the number of victims who died under his rule began to come to light. The Chilean government has officially recognized more than 9,000 deaths tied directly to Pinochet’s rule of the South American country.

3. Jorge Rafael Videla

CREDIT: Wikimedia

There’s no question that Jorge Rafael Videla ruled Argentina with an iron fist from 1976 to 1981 after a coup d’etat that overthrew the government led by President Isabel Martínez de Perón. Videla held on to his power by using forced disappearances of any dissenters in the country.

CREDIT: Wikimedia


Videla relinquished his power over Argentina in 1981 and democracy was restored to the country in 1983. Videla and many involved in his coup were put on trial for their human rights violations and it has been reported that anywhere from 5,000 to 30,000 political dissidents were disappeared during his time in power and his government employed widespread murder and torture to keep his dissidents quiet. This included imprisoning the families of political opponents in concentration camps.

4.  Ernesto Che Guevara

Credit: cf6e3c29265a4cf995e665be70ed9fed_18. Digital image. Al Jazeera.


The Argentine is one of the most controversial figures in recent years. His imagery is used as a sign of rebellion by many and his legacy is feared by most. Guevara joined Castro to rule over Cuba and earned the nickname “The Butcher of la Cabaña” as a prosecutor overseeing trials for the Castro regime.

READ: 21 Things You Need To Know About Ernesto “Che” Guevara

Credit: Che Guevara flag. Digital image. Europe Posters.


His legacy as “The Butcher of la Cabaña” persists to this day with many in the Cuban American community pointing out the deaths he caused without proper trials. Guevara’s role in the Castro government forced many Cubans to flee the country for freedom and to escape death.

5. Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco

CREDIT: Governo do Brasil – Galeria de Presidentes


Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco served as the first president of the Brazilian military government following a coup d’etat in 1964. He bowed to pressures from within his government to resist allowing a civilian to become president so they could continue to enjoy unfettered power of the largest South American country. As a result, Castelo Branco did away with the democracy that we know today and rid the country of other political parties and stayed in power until 1967.

CREDIT: Wikimedia

Castelo Branco gave up power and was succeeded in the presidency by Costa e Silva. However, after ridding the country of all of its political parties, Castelo Branco created two parties, the pro-government National Renewal Alliance Party (ARENA) and the opposition Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB) and he drafted a strongly authoritarian constitution. He died four months after leaving the presidency in a midair collision.

6. Hugo Chavez

CREDIT: Al Jazeera English / YouTube


Hugo Chavez first attempted a coup in Venezuela in 1992 and it failed. Yet, he was not deterred from seeking power over the oil-rich country. In 1998, he was elected the president of Venezuela and what followed was a pointed redirection of the country and its politics.

CREDIT: Al Jazeera English / YouTube


In the early 2000s, a coup was launched to unseat Chavez as the president of Venezuela. The coup was unsuccessful and Chavez enacted sweeping reforms to prevent another uprising from challenging his power. A new constitution was implemented and most high ranking military leaders were removed from their posts. Chavez did away with presidential term limits and was allowed to run for reelection indefinitely. He was succeeded in the presidency by Vice President Nicolas Maduro when he died in in 2013 after running the country for 11 years. Follow Maduro’s rise to power, Venezuela has experienced widespread unrest and an economy that continues to decline with many Venezuelans fleeing to other countries in an attempt to seek freedom.

7. Manuel Noriega

CREDIT: The New York Times / YouTube


Manuel Noriega spent a lot of his time working within the Panamanian government before taking power in 1984. The military professional was a close confidant of dictator Omar Torrijos and assumed control fo the country following his death. His years in power saw increased violence and tension in the country while he was tied to drug traffickers and money laundering.

CREDIT: The New York Times / YouTube


The U.S. invaded Panama in an attempt to capture Noriega and bring him to trial for the crimes he committed. The invasion was launched by President George H.W. Bush and after a standoff at an embassy Noriega was arrested and extradited to the U.S. serving 17 years in prison for his crimes.

8. Anastasio Somoza DeBayle

CREDIT: Wikimedia


Somoza was the last in a long line of Somozas that were president of Nicaragua. The family controlled the country from 1936 until 1976. Political and social unrest during his presidency led to the president seeking exile in Paraguay.

CREDIT: Wikimedia


Somoza faced an insurgency from Sandistas who were trying to take the country back after decades of corruption. After fleeing the country, Somoza’s successor handed over the government just one day later. Somoza was later assassinated while in exile in Paraguay.

9. Alfredo Stroessner

CREDIT: AP Archive / YouTube


Alfredo Stroessner was a brutal dictator in Paraguay who served as the president for 35 years. He won re-election seven times in 1958, 1963, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1983 and 1988. Stroessner was a leading participant in Operation Condor and left devastation in his wake.

CREDIT: AP Archive / YouTube

Stroessner eventually had to flee from Paraguay and sought refuge in Brazil. He tried to re-enter Paraguay when he was dying but was denied access by the government at the time. While in power, Stroessner was responsible for the disappearance, kidnapping and murder of dissident in his country.

10. Diego Murillo Bejarano

CREDIT: Teleantioquia / YouTube


Diego Murillo Bejarano was the leader of the United Self-Defenders of Colombia (AUC) and launched brutal attacks in Colombia. He was also the leader of The Office of Envigado cartel.

CREDIT: Teleantiquoa / YouTube

His crimes eventually led to him being extradited to the U.S. for drug trafficking and money laundering. He was arrested in COlombia before the extradition for the murder of a deputy when he was working in the Medellin cartel.

11. Carlos Castillo Armas

CREDIT: Wikimedia

Carlos Castillo Armas was the president of Guatemala for three years but his impact was severe and swift. He immediately silenced his critics and political opponents by arresting 3,000 and subsequently saw 1,000 agricultural workers killed.

CREDIT: @Wikiguate / Twitter

Armas was assassinated by a presidential guard who then committed suicide. A centrist politician won the election following his death ushering in an end to Arams’ authoritative rule.

‘Selena: The Series’ Finally Has Their Chris Perez And Los Dinos And Fans Are Getting So Excited

Entertainment

‘Selena: The Series’ Finally Has Their Chris Perez And Los Dinos And Fans Are Getting So Excited

hunterreesepena / jpoes13 / Instagram

‘Selena: The Series’ is coming together and fans are getting more and more good casting news. The Netflix series that dives into Selena Quintanilla’s childhood and early career is slowly but surely rounding out its cast. The show, which will debut at some point in 2020 is getting a dramatic overture, in the sense that every single bit of news related to the show has been drawn out. But we’re not mad. We just wish the series was out already. Here’s the latest development in the show

The cast that will portray Selena’s band, Los Dinos, has been named. Jesse Posey will play Chris Perez.

 Credit: jpoes13 / Instagram

Jesse Posey, not to be confused with his older brother, actor Tyler Posey, will be Selena’s love interest, Deadline reports. The Santa Clarita, California, native could previously be seen in “Stitchers,” the 2017 TV series. His brother, Tyler, is definitely the more famous of the two. You may have seen him in the series “Teen Wolf” and as J.Lo’s son in “Maid in Manhattan.” So we’re really excited to see what his younger brother will bring to the table as Chris Perez. Those are some big shoes to fill because the love between Chris and Selena was undeniable. Jesse is also a musician, which is perfect for this part. 

Julio Macias will play Pete Astudillo, the recognizable member of Los Dinos, who wrote some of Selena’s greatest hits.

Credit: ajuliomacias / Instagram

Macias can be seen on the T.V. show “On My Block” as well as “S.W.A.T.”

Daniela Estrada will portray Selena’s sister, Suzette Quintanilla. From what we know of Selena’s family (from the Selena movie), Suzette wasn’t exactly thrilled to be the drummer of the band but definitely came through as her own becoming an established musician. Today, Suzette is Selena’s loudest advocate who continues to champion the legacy of her sister. 

Suzette is only one of those responsible for approving of the series. 

“Selena will always have a lasting place in music history, and we feel great responsibility to do justice to her memory. With this series, viewers will finally get the full history of Selena, our family, and the impact she has had on all of our lives,” Suzette Quintanilla said a year ago to the Hollywood reporter. “We are excited to partner with Campanario and Netflix to give fans a never-before-seen glimpse at our story and highlight why Selena will remain a legend for generations to come.”

Other cast members include Hunter Reese Peña, seen in “Morning Ritual” Carlos Alfredo, Jr., from “Mutt and Chopps,” Juan Martinez from “Triple Frontier” and Paul Rodriguez, Jr.

Credit: hunterreesepena / Instagram

That last name should ring a bell. Paul Rodriguez, Jr. will play Roger Garcia another member of Los Dinos. He is also, in real life, the son of actor Paul Rodriguez and a pro-skater in his own right.

Peña, who will portray Ricky Vela, posted on his Instagram that he was beyond himself at the news that he would be in this new show. “Walked out of the shower this morning to a notification that I was on the news 😜 I’m going to be on @selenanetflix a new @Netflix series about my childhood hero Selena Quintanilla. I will be playing the role of Ricky Vela, her keyboard player, and songwriter for many of her hits. Dreams come true. P.S. This is kinda funny LOL they unknowingly cast my roommate @carlosalfredojr as a band member also 🤣🤣🤣 God has a sense of humor. Glad I didn’t give up.” So awesome! 

Just last month, the announcement of all announcements came through that Christian Serratos of “The Walking Dead” would be portraying Selena.

Credit: selenanetflix / Instagram

While the news was speculation for weeks, the announcement finally became official when Netflix finally released a Selena: The Series teaser, which showed Serratos as Selena. We were thrilled to finally see the role fulfilled, especially because we knew this pivotal role could make or break the series. After seeing the teaser, including Serratos in Selena’s signature look, we feel she will do an amazing job as the queen of Tejano music. 

Other cast members include Gabriel Chavarria, Ricardo Chavira, Noemi Gonzalez, Seidy Lopez, and Madison Taylor Baez.

Credit: ricardoachavira / Instagram

Chavira, from the ABC show “Desperate Housewives” will play Abraham senior, Selena’s dad, and Chavira, will play Abraham Jr., Selena’s brother. 

READ: Watch: ‘Walking Dead’ Actress Ditches Zombies For Red Lipstick In New Selena Series Trailer

This Hot Cheetos Thanksgiving Turkey From Reynold Is Causing A Lot Of Tension On Social Media

Culture

This Hot Cheetos Thanksgiving Turkey From Reynold Is Causing A Lot Of Tension On Social Media

reynoldskitchen.com

Hot Cheetos have been the go-to snack for teenagers and young adults since they were released in 1992. These spicy corn-based snacks are worth every hot and painful mouthful. Have you ever eaten so many of these deliciously hot snacks that you questioned if you really even need a healthy stomach? If you’re a diehard fan of Hot Cheetos, this take on the classic Thanksgiving main course will make your mouth water. Reynolds Kitchens wants you to cover your turkey in a thick coating of ground-up Flamin’ Hot Cheetos this year, and we’re not sure how we feel about it.

Reynolds Kitchen wants you to spice up your Thanksgiving turkey… literally.

www.reynoldskitchen.com

“Kick up the flavor for your next Thanksgiving turkey with these popular chip flavored turkeys,” says Reynolds Kitchens at the top of their recipe, obscuring whether they mean that the chip-flavored turkeys are popular or whether they mean that the chips themselves are popular. How does somebody even come up with that? Who sits there eating their turkey dinner and thinks “You know what this really needs? A block of Cheddar and a family bag of hot Cheetos!”  But wait a sec, you have to admit it, it is an idea.

Would you try a Hot Cheetos turkey?

Credit: @jenoch90 / Twitter

On Friday ABC-7 shared a recipe from Reynolds Kitchens, which is the recipe website of the Reynolds brand: “Hot Turkey in an Oven Bag” (which is a turkey covered in a thick coating of ground-up Flamin’ Hot Cheetos, or as they put it, “hot puffed cheese sticks,” and cooked in an oven bag. Of course, Twitter discussed it. “When I was growing up a turkey was baked in the Oven then u had regular cornbread dressing……now they covering the mf in hot Cheetos no fucking thank you!!!” tweeted one user.

People are begging people not to follow the recipe.

Credit: @jowellene / Twitter

Nothing says ‘spice up the holidays’ quite like a cheese-stuffed, hot-cheetos-covered turkey. 

Few things defy Thanksgiving traditions like shoving a gigantic 2-pound block of cheese inside your turkey’s carcass and then coating all over it with crumbled Flamin’ Hot Cheetos. Because why would you make a basic turkey when you can have a Flaming Hot Cheetos coated turkey, stuffed with cheese and potatoes?

The recipe video instructs us to start with a 15-pound turkey that gets brined in salty water and brown sugar. 

After more than a few generous dashes of tabasco, it marinates. Of course, after you cover the turkey with melted butter, the crushed Cheetos — the star — coat the turkey. Oh but before the Cheetos, of course, you stuff the turkey with an industrial sized block of cheese.

Another Flamin’ Hot Cheeto turkey recipe went viral in 2017 courtesy of Reynolds Kitchen, which also offered Cool Ranch and Funyuns variety. 

www.reynoldskitchen.com

But this highly shareable, highly doable recipe video went viral just this past weekend, why? People do not find it appetizing. But honestly, who knows? It could taste amazing. After  all, it has the key ingredient: Hot Cheetos. What’s not to feel thankful about?

From covering elotes to becoming works of art, Hot Cheetos are a trendy, viral snack.

Credit: lumpyjazzy / Instagram

Flamin’ Hot Cheetos have become ubiquitous from memes to works of art. In fact, searches for the snack have become an increasingly popular search on Google over the last few years, so it was just a matter of time until this idea surfaced.

As with all things, fans and consumers of Hot Cheetos have given the snack new and unexpected life. 

Credit: HOT975PHX / Instagram

Sure, Many people eat them as they are quite delicious and really enjoyable on a basic level. However, so many others have taken the snack and it into a culinary treasure, and it’s getting a little out of hand if you ask us: Hot Cheetos Bagel anyone? Or how about a Hot Cheetos covered Corndog, or corn on the cob.

So what do you think, would you try it? Or would you sooner chew up broken glass? Because we’re torn.

READ: Give Your Thanksgiving Turkey A Touch Of Diversity With These Immigrant Inspired Recipes