Things That Matter

10 Cosas que inventó un mexicano y tú ni enterado

Ser mexicano no siempre es sencillo. Constantemente nos vemos obligados explicarle a los extranjeros por qué no todos usamos sombreros, tenemos bigotes o gritamos “Épale” a la menor provocación, cuando en realidad nuestra huella en el mundo va mucho más allá del guacamole, los tacos o demás estereotipos. Y es que los mexicanos somos cabrones, de eso no hay duda, pero ¿sabías qué tan cabrones? Para que te des una idea, te compartimos 10 inventos por los que el resto del mundo nos debe dar gracias.

La píldora anticonceptiva

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Fuente: Luis Ernesto Miramonets/UNAM

En 1951 en un laboratorio de la Ciudad de México, Luis Ernesto Miramontes, un químico de Nayarit de tan sólo 26 años, junto con Carlo Djerassi, George Rosenkran y Gregory Pincus sintetizaron la noretisterona, el compuesto base de la píldora anticonceptiva. Y, ¿tú qué hacías a los 26?

El flotador de WC

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Fuente: @isladepiratas/Twitter

A mediados del siglo XVIII un sacerdote que también era filósofo y botánico y cartógrafo y periodista, inventó el primer flotador del mundo. Así es, la bolita que hay en tu retrete y que evita que el agua se derrame por todos lados, es producto de la mente de José Antonio Alzate y Ramírez, quien por cierto también inventó el jabón de coco.

Tinta indeleble

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Fuente: @elsoldezacatecas/Twitter

Filiberto Vázquez Dávila, un ingeniero mexicano, creó una tinta que dura más en la piel que cualquier otra, ya que impregna las células directamente. Ahora esta tinta es la base de la democracia, pues es la que se usa en las votaciones políticas para marcar los pulgares de la gente que ha votado.

Pintura Antigraffiti

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Fuente: @111_festivales/Twitter

En el Centro de Física Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada de la UNAM se desarrolló una pintura capaz de remover los colorantes de las pinturas en aerosol.

La Tortilladora Mecánica

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Fuente: Prodiamex

En 1947 Fausto Celorio inventó la primera tortilladora mecánica, sin la cual no podríamos consumir tortillas en las enormes cantidades que lo hacemos.

Mousepad

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Fuente: Mark Doliner/Flickr

Armando Fernández es el responsable del mousepad que todos conocemos y amamos, ya que en 1979 rediseñó un invento parecido con el fin de producirlo de manera masiva y llegar a todos nuestros hogares.

Rifle automático

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Fuente: World Guns

Durante la Revolución Mexicana, Manuel Mondragón creó un rifle más eficiente y de paso, cambió al mundo… para bien o para mal.

La TV a color

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Fuente: @celinatlaxcala/Twitter

Mucho antes de Netflix, la gente tenía que ver sus programas favoritos en una enorme caja de madera y cristal que sólo transmitía imágenes en blanco y negro… Como salvajes. Esto hasta que Guillermo Gonzáles Camarena, inventó el sistema tricromático secuencial de campos, o lo que viene siendo la base para el desarrollo de la TV a colores.

Hélice Anahúac

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Fuente: @VESysMX/Twitter

Juan Guillermo de Villasana patentó una hélice que permitía a los aviones elevarse a mayores alturas en menor tiempo y que revolucionó la industria aeronáutica.

Rascacielos antisísmicos

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Fuente: Felipe Alfonso Castillo Vazquez/Wikimedia

La Torre Mayor en la Ciudad de México, construida en 2003,  fue el primer rascacielos con amortiguadores sísmicos del mundo.

This New Facility Cost $12 Million And It’s All Designed To Stop Rampant Avocado Theft

Culture

This New Facility Cost $12 Million And It’s All Designed To Stop Rampant Avocado Theft

avocadosfrommexico / Instagram

So avocado theft is one of the reasons that our beloved aguacate has been getting more and more expensive. According to Mexican authorities, the industry loses more than 12 tons of avocados to theft each day! That’s a lot of missed guacamole potential.

So together with the USDA, one Mexican group is creating a new facility and identifying new shipping routes to help cut these losses which are spiraling out of control.

Avocado growers have teamed up to build a facility that helps prevent theft.

Credit: @poandpo / Twitter

The absolutely depressing rise in avocado prices has left many of us nearly penniless but our problems pale in comparison to those being faced by the agricultural industry in Mexico.

Each and every day nearly 12 tons of avocados are stolen between the orchards and packing plants.

Between 2017 and 2019, Mexico reported 440 avocado theft investigations, and because Mexican-grown avocados made up 78 percent of the U.S. market last year, this spells trouble Stateside as well. Producers lose an average of four truckloads of avocados per day because of organized crime intervention. The majority of Mexican avocados that make their way to the U.S. come from the state of Michoacan, in a city called Uruapan, which accounts for 92 percent of Mexico’s avocado production last year,

I mean, apparently, avocado theft is a legit thing.

Credit: @jckichen / Twitter

And we’re not talking about shoving that $1.99 avocado in your pocket at the supermarket or “forgetting to pay” for a few that may have fallen into your purse.

Back in 2017, three men in California were arrested on suspicion of grand theft of avocados after the disappearance of $300,000 worth of the creamy fruit.

Police believe the men were stealing and selling avocados to unsuspecting customers for at least several months. 

The new $12 million facility is meant to finally address the issue of widespread theft.

A new $12 million facility will be built; a venture between the Association of Export Producers and Packers of Avocado from Mexico (APEAM), the Mexican Department of Agriculture and Agrarian Development (SADER), and also house the local offices for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Casa APEAM, as the facility is called, will also be part of Mexican officials new strategy to find safer export routes for avocados out of Mexico.

Silvano Aureoles, the governor of Michoacán, said he is working with avocado producers to plot new trucking routes to avoid the theft of trucks and merchandise. Part of these new actions could be exporting the avocados from the Port of Lázaro Cárdenas instead of the Port of Manzanillo, putting surveillance cameras on the road to Lázaro Cárdenas and increasing surveillance of truck shipments out of Michoacán.

And this news couldn’t come soon enough because prices for avocados continue to skyrocket!

Credit: @wdsu / Twitter

Avocado prices have been soaring recently, with a recent report revealing that the national price of Hass avocados has risen by 93 cents since last year.

On the wholesale side (think restaurants, markets), last year a 25-pound box cost $37 but that price has risen to $89 in 2019. That’s a huge and unfortunate increase for lovers of aguacate.

READ: 24 Ways To Use Avocado That Aren’t Guacamole

One Of Mexico’s Biggest Soccer Clubs Has Banned The Use Of The Homophobic Chant That Has Gone On For Far Too Long

Entertainment

One Of Mexico’s Biggest Soccer Clubs Has Banned The Use Of The Homophobic Chant That Has Gone On For Far Too Long

VillasArmy / Twitter

U.S.-based Mexico fan group Pancho Villas’ Army has inserted a “no goalkeeper chant” clause into the group’s membership and made abstaining from shouting the anti-gay chant a condition for buying tickets for games in their section, in a bid to help put an end to the chant often heard in stadiums when the Mexico national team plays.

This could be progress towards finally ending the homophobic chant heard all too often at Mexican football games.

The group, Pancho Villa’s Army, made the announcement banning its members from yelling the chant.

Credit: @villasarmy / Twitter

In an open letter to its members, the group says: “One area where I think we can improve upon is the infamous PU%* Chant. For me and many others, it is no longer relevant to debate what the word means or doesn’t mean. Its simply a matter of respect and common courtesy. We should do our best to be good guests at all the stadiums that welcome us.”

The group notes that fans already follow several other rules. So what’s another rule if its meant to make sure everyone feels more comfortable.

The group has even added the rule into its code of conduct. In their letter they add: “Moving forward, we will adopt a  “No Pu%^ Chant” clause into our membership rules and code of conduct. While our code generally covers the chant we will specifically list it as unacceptable conduct. The same clause will be inserted into our ticket purchases pages. We already informed all PVA ticket purchasers that our section is a standing, cheering, and singing section. The same page will now inform potential PVA ticket purchasers that our section is a NO PU&% CHANT section too.”

All of this comes as the Mexican team and Mexican fans come under increased scrutiny for the homophobic slur.

Credit: @MikeMadden / Twitter

A section of El Tri fans regularly shout an anti-gay slur as the opposition goalkeeper runs up to take his goal-kick and the federation has been fined on multiple occasions by FIFA because of it, although it was stamped out at Russia 2018 after an educational campaign from the federation, fan groups and players, as well as the threat of Fan IDs being taken away.

But the chant was heard regularly during Mexico games in the United States this summer at the Gold Cup.

Fans that have bought tickets for Mexico’s game on Sept. 10 against Argentina in San Antonio, Texas and don’t want to adhere to the policy will receive a refund for their tickets.

The group says the decision is about being inclusive of all fans, including those from the LGBTQ community.

“It’s about people joining who wish to create an environment that feels welcoming to our LGBTQ Mexico fans,” reads the statement. “As an organization that has LGBTQ leaders and members we take this charge very seriously.”

The reaction on Twitter was overwhelmingly positive with soccer fans from around the world celebrating the announcement.

Most on Twitter were thrilled that at least one group was taking the steps necessary to address the issue. They’re going directly to their members and making it a condition of membership to stop using the chant.

FIFA has warned soccer federations all over the world, including Mexico, that discriminatory chanting will activate the “three-step procedure” that could lead to the abandoning of World Cup qualifying matches if the chant is heard. The referee would first stop the match, then suspend it and eventually abandon it if the discriminatory behavior doesn’t cease. Yet at nearly every game of El Tri you’ll still hear the chant.

Many pointed out that PVA will be on the right side of history with this new rule.

Despite there being an ongoing debate among fans if the chant is meant to be homophobic or not, people are realizing that all fans should be comfortable – and, yes, that includes those from the LGBTQ community.

And as one of the first fan clubs to issue an official rule, Pancho Villa’s Army will have been seen as a leader on this issue. So bravo PVA! And thank you.

READ: Why Do Mexico’s Football Fans Keep Going Unpunished For Shouting Homophobic Slurs At Opposing Players

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