Things That Matter

The Greatest Pyramid Of The World Is In Mexico, Not Egypt

In Cholula, Mexico, you will find the largest pyramid ever built. While most of the early history of the pyramid is shrouded in mystery, historians believe that the Great Pyramid of Cholula was built around 300 B.C. Not even the Spanish conquistadors who invaded Cholula in the 1500s knew that that pyramid existed, tucked quietly within the Aztec city. The massive pyramid, which is 66 meters tall and 450 meters wide (about 215 feet tall and about 1,500 feet wide), is covered in trees and plants making it look like it is just another hill in another city.

Move over Cairo, Egypt. Puebla, Cholula, Mexico is home to the largest pyramid in the world, and it is beautiful.

Multisensorial.

A photo posted by L o l i t a (@eledelefante) on


Obscured from view by growing vegetation, the Great Pyramid of Cholula is not only the largest pyramid in the world, but it is also the largest structure ever built by any civilization, according to the BBC.

Seriously, this is such an amazing structure.

ImpressivePyramid
Credit: Okan Çelik / YouTube

The pyramid’s construction first started around 300 B.C., according to the Daily Mail. But it isn’t just one pyramid. It is actually six different structures built on each other by the Aztecs that once inhabited the city.

Even though the pyramid had been built in 300 B.C., it wasn’t uncovered until 1910.


Despite the Spanish invasion of 1519, Hernán Cortés and his conquistadores thought the pyramid was just a hill. Built with adobe bricks, which are made of mud and straw, plants took root and grew to cover the structure from view.

During their conquest, Cortés and his forces built la Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios on top of the “hill.” It is still there today.

TheChurchOnTop
Credit: Okan Çelik / YouTube

Skeletons that might have belonged to decapitated children were discovered when the pyramid was first excavated, according to the BBC.

After the pyramid was discovered, the city of Puebla reclaimed the structure and began creating tunnels.

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There are five miles of tunnels carved into the pyramid in total, which allow for tourists and residents to explore the pyramid from the inside out.

For reference, this pyramid is about four times bigger than the Great Pyramid of Giza located in Egypt.

AerialView
Credit: Okan Çelik / YouTube

It is also about twice the volume of Egypt’s most famed pyramid, and it’s the longest continuously occupied structure in the world.

Just goes to show that Mexico truly is a country full of wonder and mystery.

#Wikipedia. The Great Pyramid of #Cholula, also known as #Tlachihualtepetl (Nahuatl for "artificial mountain"), is a huge complex located in Cholula, #Puebla, #Mexico. It is the largest #archaeological site of a #pyramid (temple) in the New World, as well as the largest pyramid known to exist in the world today.[The pyramid stands 55 metres (180 ft) above the surrounding plain, and in its final form it measured 400 by 400 metres (1,300 by 1,300 ft). The pyramid is a temple that traditionally has been viewed as having been dedicated to the #god #Quetzalcoatl. The #architectural style of the building was linked closely to that of #Teotihuacan in the Valley of Mexico. #skyporn #bluesky #wander #wanderlust #travel #rwtantipolo

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¡Viva México!


READ: Drought in Mexico Exposes a 16th Century Church

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Mexico Wants To Be The Hub Of Latin America’s Space Industry And This Is Their Incredible Plan

Things That Matter

Mexico Wants To Be The Hub Of Latin America’s Space Industry And This Is Their Incredible Plan

Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/Getty

Although the world is still struggling with how best to contain the Coronavirus pandemic, many governments are forging ahead with long term goals and development programs.

One of the most important to new programs to launch in Mexico is central to its economic and scientific future – its future in space. Together with other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (some of which already have their own independent agencies), Mexico is looking to become the leader in the region when it comes to space research and exploration.

The country recently announced its intentions for just such an agency, that they hope would be based in Mexico with foreign capital providing the seed money to get the project off the ground.

Mexico announced its intention to head up a Latin American and Caribbean space agency.

Mexico has launched an ambitious new project – creating a Latin American Space and Caribbean Space Agency that would facilitate the sharing of satellite images and aims to observe the planet. The agency would be dedicated to earth observation, satellite image sharing and multi-sector dialogue.

The project was presented by Javier López Casarín, Honorary President of the Technical Council of Knowledge and Innovation of the Mexican Agency for International Cooperation for Development (AMEXCID). López Casarín attended the meeting of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), where he presented the project for the creation of the Latin American and Caribbean Space Agency, an entity that will be at the same level as other agencies (think NASA and the European Space Agency) of world space research with which it hopes to exchange information.

As part of the same meeting, the Latin American coordinators highlighted the role of Mexico in charge of the presidency of the community of Latin American states and appreciated the proposal to create a joint space agency.

Mexico has had a space agency of its own since 2010 but they’re looking to expand the operations.

Mexico has had its own space agency, the Agencia Espacial Mexicana, since 2010. Plus, several other countries across Latin America and the Caribbean have their own similar departments that over see satellites, information gathering, meteorological date, etc.

Mexico’s space agency has been tasked with carrying out study programs, research, and academic support, however, its duties have never included the aim of space exploration with its own infrastructure.

One of the agency’s key objectives is to help increase internet connectivity across the region.

In 2019, the Agencia Espacial Mexicana announced it was developing its space program around the needs of Mexican society – that it would be for the social benefit.

Among other techonoligcal solutions, the government has made it a core principle to help expand access to Internet across the country. By merging various space agencies into one, this increased Internet connectivity will likely spread to other countries in Latin America.

Internet connectivity rates vary from around 27% in El Salvador to close to 80% in Brazil – so bringing that wide gap is seen as critical for sustained development in the region.

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The Little-Known Underground Railroad That Ran South to Mexico

Culture

The Little-Known Underground Railroad That Ran South to Mexico

Tyrone Turner / Getty Images

Latinos make up the largest minority group in the country, yet our history is so frequently left out of classrooms. From Chicano communities in Texas and California to Latinos in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and the Underground Railroad – which also had a route into Mexico – Latinos have helped shape and advance this country.

And as the U.S. is undergoing a racial reckoning around policing and systemic racism, Mexico’s route of the Underground Railroad is getting renewed attention – particularly because Mexico (for the very first time in history) has counted its Afro-Mexican population as its own category in this year’s census.

The Underground Railroad also ran south into Mexico and it’s getting renewed attention.

Most of us are familiar with stories of the Underground Railroad. It was a network of clandestine routes and safe houses established in the U.S. during the early to mid-19th century. It was used by enslaved African Americans to escape into free states and Canada. It grew steadily until the Civil War began, and by one estimate it was used by more than 100,000 enslaved people to escape bondage.

In a story reported on by the Associated Press, there is renewed interest in another route on the Underground Railroad, one that went south into Mexico. Bacha-Garza, a historian, dug into oral family histories and heard an unexpected story: ranches served as a stop on the Underground Railroad to Mexico. Across Texas and parts of Louisiana, Alabama, and Arkansas, scholars and preservation advocates are working to piece together the story of a largely forgotten part of American history: a network that helped thousands of Black slaves escape to Mexico.

According to Maria Hammack, a doctoral candidate at the University of Texas at Austin studying the passage of escapees who crossed the borderlands for sanctuary in Mexico, about 5,000 to 10,000 people broke free from bondage into the southern country. Currently, no reliable figures currently exist detailing how many left to Mexico, unlike the more prominent transit into Canada’s safe haven.

Mexico abolished slavery a generation before Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.

Thirty-four years before Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, in 1829, Mexican President Vicente Guerrero, who was of mixed background, including African heritage, abolished slavery in the country. The measure freed an estimated 200,000 enslaved Africans Spain forcefully brought over into what was then called New Spain and would later open a pathway for Blacks seeking freedom in the Southern U.S.

And he did so while Texas was still part of the country, in part prompting white, slave-holding immigrants to fight for independence in the Texas Revolution. Once they formed the Republic of Texas in 1836, they made slavery legal again, and it continued to be legal when Texas joined the U.S. as a state in 1845.

With the north’s popular underground railroad out of reach for many on the southern margins, Mexico was a more plausible route to freedom for these men and women.

Just like with the northern route, helping people along the route was dangerous and could land you in serious trouble.

Credit: Library of Congress / Public Domain

Much like on the railway’s northern route into Canada, anyone caught helping African-Americans fleeing slavery faced serious and severe consequences.

Slaveholders were aware that people were escaping south, and attempted to get Mexico to sign a fugitive slave treaty that would, like the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 that demanded free states to return escapees, require Mexico to deliver those who had left. Mexico, however, refused to sign, contending that all enslaved people were free once they reached Mexican soil. Despite this, Hammock said that some Texans hired what was called “slave catchers” or “slave hunters” to illegally cross into the country, where they had no jurisdiction, to kidnap escapees.

“The organization that we know today as the Texas Rangers was born out of an organization of men that were slave hunters,” Hammack, who is currently researching how often these actions took place, told the AP. “They were bounty hunters trying to retrieve enslaved property that crossed the Rio Grande for slave owners and would get paid according to how far into Mexico the slaves were found.”

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