Things That Matter

How these Latino Military Heroes Put Trump to Shame

¡¿Que se cree Donald Trump?! In extensive interviews with Michael D’Antonio, his biographer and Pulitzer Prize-winning former reporter at Newsday, Trump likened his education at the ritzy New York Military Academy, military service. And although he has never served, Trump claims he has “more training militarily than a lot of the guys that go into the military.” ? But has he ever done anything close to what these brave Latinos have done to protect our country and freedoms? Let’s take a moment to honor these heroes.

Fernando Luis García – Korean War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Marines

Birthplace: Utuado, Puerto Rico

Garcia threw himself on a grenade to save his fellow Marine after their unit was ambushed. He was the first Puerto Rican to receive a Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor Awarded: Sept. 5, 1952

Mike Pena – Korean War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Army

Birthplace: Corpus Christi, Texas

Realizing that his unit’s ammunition was low, Pena told his men to retreat. He spent the entire night single-handedly keeping the enemy at bay before he was killed.

Medal of Honor Awarded: March 18, 2014

Carlos Lozada – Vietnam War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Marines

Birthplace: Caguas, Puerto Rico

Realizing he was the last line of defense, Lozada provided cover for soldiers after their unit was attacked. He killed at least 20 North Vietnamese soldiers before being fatally wounded.

Medal of Honor Awarded: Nov. 20, 1967

Eurípides Rubio – Vietnam War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Army

Birthplace: Ponce, Puerto Rico

Rubio handed out ammunition, took over for a fallen machine gun operator and used a smoke grenade to show air support the location of the enemy during an ambush. Rubio died in action.

Medal of Honor Awarded: Nov. 8, 1966

Humbert Roque Versace – Vietnam War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Army

Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii

Versace refused to talk after being captured by the Viet Cong, who then executed him. Prisoners said the last thing they heard from Versace was him singing “God Bless America.”

Medal of Honor Awarded: July 8, 2002

José Jiménez – Vietnam War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Marines

Birthplace: Mexico City

Jiménez took on the enemy alone, destroying enemy weapons and troops before being fatally wounded.

Medal of Honor Awarded: Aug. 28, 1969

Héctor Santiago-Colón – Vietnam War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Army

Birthplace: Salina, Puerto Rico

Santiago-Colón spotted a grenade that had been thrown at his unit during a late-night battle. He grabbed the grenade, put it into his shirt and turned away from his unit, taking the full impact of the blast.

Medal of Honor Awarded: June 28, 1968

Ambrosio Guillen – Korean War

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Photo Credit: U.S. Marines

Birthplace: La Junta, Colorado

Guillen’s unit was pinned down by two enemy platoons, so he deliberately exposed himself to enemy fire to help injured soldiers. After leading his unit to victory, Guillen died of his injuries.

Medal of Honor Awarded: August 18, 1954

Marcario García – World War II

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Birthplace: Villa de Castano, Mexico

García single-handedly killed six enemy troops and captured four German prisoners. García was injured by bullets and grenade shrapnel during his charge.

Medal of Honor Awarded: Nov. 27, 1944

The US Killed A Leading Iranian Military Figure And Social Media Declared An Impending World War 3

Things That Matter

The US Killed A Leading Iranian Military Figure And Social Media Declared An Impending World War 3

realdonaldtrump / Instagram

Global powers expressed worry and concern about the state of world affairs following the United States’ airstrike near Baghdad’s airport Friday, which killed Iran Gen. Qassem Soleimani. The White House defended the strike in a tweet, saying Soleimani “was actively developing plans to attack American diplomats and service members in Iraq and throughout the region.”

The United States killed Iran’s top general Friday, which inspired a wealth of reaction on social media about the future of the world.

The killing of top Iranian commander Qassem Soleimani in a U.S. strike at Baghdad’s international airport and Tehran’s vow of “harsh retaliation” in response on Friday morning made Twitter and Instagram users nervous about the possible outbreak of conflict between Washington and Tehran culminating in what social media dubbed, World War III.

Meme creators did what they do best: post funny pictures and videos on social media and got #WWIII trending.

France’s deputy minister for foreign affairs, Amelie de Montchalin, said on a radio program: “We are waking up in a more dangerous world. Military escalation is always dangerous. When such actions, such operations, take place, we see that escalation is underway.” The term “World War 3” began trending online Friday after the airstrike. Instagram and Twitter users immediately jumped in on the discussion, posting memes, GIFs and jokes about a potential third World War. Here’s a collection of them.

Some lamented the poor start to the new year.

A lot of people woke up to news that the U.S. had launched a deadly attack on Iran’s top military official. The attack was panned by world leaders and political pundits are concerned that the attack could lead to a war between the U.S. and Iran.

Social media users turned to humor to try to make sense of the terrifying possibility of a war started by the U.S.

The airstrike led to protests throughout Iran and Iraq. Iranians were protesting because of the clear attack on their military capabilities. Iraqi citizens protested against the attack on their soil that some consider threatens their sovereignty.

Some joked about avoiding or refusing the draft.

There hasn’t been a draft since the Vietnam War. At the time, Americans protested the nation’s involvement in a war in southeast Asia. Many young men fled to Canada to avoid being drafted by the U.S. military to join the combat.

Many others simply detailed their strategies for avoiding a draft.

There has been no announcement regarding reinstating the draft, and the U.S. currently has an all-volunteer military. However, that doesn’t change the fact the Americans are concerned about a pending war and a draft.

Others made jokes about fake birth certificates and fleeing the country.

Tbh, this might not be a bad idea considering people do not support the attack.

Many mocked themselves and their response to the trending topic.

It is a terrifying moment to realize that something so disastrous and devastating might actually happen.

Some wondered if this was Trump’s way of getting revenge for his impeachment.

We are in uncharted territory and all eyes are on Iran after they threatened retaliation against the U.S.

READ: Here’s What You Can Expect Now That President Trump Has Been Impeached By The House Of Representatives

From Spain To Latin America, How A Mass Migration Created A Thriving Latino/Jewish Community

Culture

From Spain To Latin America, How A Mass Migration Created A Thriving Latino/Jewish Community

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The days of stereotyping Latinos are over, dead to 2019. We are an ethnicity, not a race, which means we have every range of skin tone and practice every major religion. The arc of Latinidad is so entrenched in imperialism and immigration that it makes sense we would be so diverse. To be Latino has often meant being a native Latin American indigenous person or ancestry that, at some point, hailed from somewhere else in the world and landed in Latin America. The Spanish Inquisition is largely responsible for the present-day stereotype of Catholic Latinos, but the Inquisition is responsible for the mass immigration of Spanish Jews as well. During the 16th century, the Inquisition mandated that all Jews convert to Catholicism. Many of them did and were known as conversos, but many of them continued to practice their religion in secret, becoming known as crypto-Jews. The rest were expelled from the country and would eventually make their way to Latin America.

Today, an estimated half-million Jews live in Latin America, with Argentina having the second-largest Jewish community in the Americas, at an estimated 300,000 total. 

Studies have revealed that almost 25 percent of Latinos have Jewish DNA.

Credit: Unsplash

Immigration has long been the defining mark of non-Indigenous Latinos. Historians have long wondered how many descendants were produced from those original Jews expelled from Spain to Latin America. What’s more interesting is understanding that conversos offered a whole other lineage of people with Jewish heritage hatefully stamped out by an empire–an erasure of identity that can now be found through genetics research. A Nature Communications study from December 2018 has concluded, based on the research of dozens of professors around the globe, that 25 percent of Latinos have Spanish or Portuguese Jewish DNA. Today, 20% of the 60 million people in the Iberian peninsula have significant Jewish ancestry. Researchers suspect that the total number of descendants of Spanish and Portuguese Jewish communities range in the 200 million.

In a world without anti-Semitism, would Latinos be more widely known as Jewish because their ancestors weren’t forcibly converted?

Credit: Unsplash

Given the shocking estimates, it seems likely that there could have been as many as 1 in 4 Jews in the Latino community. In Miami Dade County, a third of all Jews identify as Latino Jews, and many Latino-American Jews have begun advocating for their Latino culture within the Jewish community. “[Although we] don’t generally inhabit the same spaces, we have to come together and become aware of the commonalities, the linguistic, cultural and historical ties the two communities have. Latino Jews could play an important role in being the link between Jews and Latinos, so what we’re trying to do is create more and more spaces for this interaction and cooperation to happen,” Dina Siegel Vann, Director of Latino Affairs at the American Jewish Committee told Aish.com.

Even though anti-Semitism and radical political ideology have erased the Jewish heritage that could have been passed down to the existing Latino population with Jewish DNA, many Jewish customs and traditions have prevailed in Latino culture without due credit. Por ejemplo.

Puerto Rican Sofrito came from the Sephardic Jews.

CREDIT: @IZZY_MONEY85 / TWITTER

That’s right my fellow Boricuas, sofrito might be the ultimate symbol and base of our cuisine, but Spanish Jews had long been using the garlic, onion, pepper, tomatoes, cumin, and olive oil base salsa to slow-cook chicken, veal, beef or lamb by Spanish Sephardic Jews. In fact, we owe it to the Sephardic Jews who were expelled from Spain during the Spanish Inquisition for bringing their recipes with them. Their cultural influence made an impact on Spanish cuisine, which then had a ripple effect on Latin America as it became colonized by Spain. Originally, sofrito was most often celebrated in the Balkans, the Levant, Turkey, and the Maghreb before making its way to become a Puerto Rican staple. Whatever you decide to make for your Hanukkah meal, including sofrito is a no-brainer crowd pleaser.  

Lachmazikas, a meat-stuffed pastry, is quite similar to empanadas.

CREDIT: UNTITLED. DIGITAL IMAGE. TABLETMAG. 20 DECEMBER 2019.

While most Latino-Americans are unified in speaking Spanglish, Latino Jews speak Ladino. Israeli Jews delight in sufganiyot, while American Jews often see it as an afterthought, just a jelly-filled donut. Spanish Jews made lachmazikas, which were filled with everything from lamb and mushrooms to ricotta, herbs, and whitefish. A meat stuffed bread might sound familiar to you *cough* empanadillas *cough*.

Looking for more Latino-Jewish foods for your Hanukkah celebration? Look no further.

READ: Disney Is Debuting Their First Jewish Princess And Surprise! She’s Also Latina