Things That Matter

8 Ways Immigration has Hurt Young People

It’s time for a change and Jose Antonio Vargas is leading the charge. The Define American founder launched a new campaign, Coming Out, to give undocumented Americans a virtual community to unite, empower and work toward an immigration reform. Why would someone “come out” for immigration? As Vargas says, “We ‘come out’ to let people in.” Here are some men and women that have come out.

Katherine Vieiramendes

Wife of Brazilian Immigrant

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Credit: Katherine Vieiramendes/Facebook

“In Rodrigo I see somebody who embodies all that it means to be American. He holds himself to a high standard every day.”

US-born Katherine Vieiramendes joined the campaign for her husband Rodrigo who migrated from Brazil at 22. Katherine’s eyes opened after seeing her husband work 12-hour, back-breaking construction shifts in order for them to survive.

Julio Navarrete

Mexico

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Credit: Julio Navarrete/Facebook

“I’m shattered, like a broken mirror, reflecting my fragmented reality. How do I pick up the pieces and move on?”

After working three jobs and going to school full-time to become a teacher, Julio Navarrete was alerted by the human resources department at Downtown College Prep that his social security number. His only hope for residency is through the DREAM Act.

Nick & Eloisa Haynes

Mexico

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Credit: Nick-Eloisa Haynes/Facebook

“There are no laws in effect to protect me or my family from this. While politicians debate, millions of families like mine are being torn apart.”

Nick and Eloisa received a letter from the government saying she is permanently barred from becoming a U.S. citizen. They revoked her legal permanent residency because because she lied about her citizenship in college. She says she is left with no choice but to return to Mexico. Her husband, an American citizen, has decided to follow Eloisa to Mexico.

Fernando Sacoto

Ecuador

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Credit: Fernando Sacoto/Facebook

“The problem is that the only people that get visas are the people that have money. The poor people, they never get a visa.” 

Fernando Sacoto says he had to immigrate illegally because the legal immigration process for the U.S. discriminates against the poor. He dedicated countless nights while at war and in military training to learn the English language to fully assimilate. Fernando says it took “fighting during a hostile time” in 2006 for him to become a citizen.


WATCH: Man Harasses Latinos for Papers in a Restaurant, Peoples Reactions Captured on Video


Esmy Jimenez

Mexico

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Credit: Esmy Jimenez/Facebook

“I learned that I did not, as a human being, belong to this nation. That twisted sentiment was always a painful one to come to terms with. That I was unwanted. That my existence was ‘illegal.'”

Esmy Jimenez’s mother brought her to the U.S. when she was one year old, fleeing an abusive husband and extreme poverty. As she grew up, she heard the politicians and some Americans talking about the problem of illegal immigration making her feel like “a thing.” She is now at the University of Southern California on a full tuition, merit-based scholarship.

Ashley Brooke Sims-Pecina

Wife of a Mexican Immigrant

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Credit: Ashley Brooke Sims-Pecina/Facebook

“I understand why there is a need to pass something, but honestly does it need to be so harsh? Immigrants are people too! And one of those people just happen to be my soul mate.”

Ashley Sims-Pecina was born and raised in Alabama and that’s where she met her husband Michael Pecina. Years after they met, Michael came out to Ashley as undocumented. Living in Alabama, the state with the harshest anti-immigrant laws, leaves Ashley with a constant fear of losing her husband because he is still undocumented.

READ: Gabriela Ledezma’s Turn at the American Dream

Julián Gómez

Argentina

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Credit: Julián G. Gómez/Facebook

“While I can, thankfully now, legally work and travel domestically, and I know in my heart that I am an American, I’m still waiting for my country to recognize me as such.”

Julián Gómez was brought to Miami with his sister after their parents’ store in Argentina was robbed. Julián lived as an undocumented American until he applied for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. That was not enough to offer him the same benefits other American citizens receive for higher education. Julián was unable to get federal student loans because he did not have a green card. He is now buried under a crushing private loan debt he is trying to pay off working as a digital analyst in Washington D.C.

Ariana Aparicio – Mexico

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Credit: Ariana Aparicio/Facebook

“It was important for me to come out because I needed to reveal, for myself, and for those who come after me, that there is hope and that there is a way out.”

Ariana Aparicio was born in Mexico but the U.S. is her home and the only country she knows. Ariana has been open about her undocumented status since she was in college and coming out then offered her resources to get the education she needed to follow her dream of educating her community. Ariana hopes that, through education, the undocumented community can create a permanent change that will benefit everyone.

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California, Harvard, MIT File Lawsuits To Challenge Government’s International Student Visa Announcement

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California, Harvard, MIT File Lawsuits To Challenge Government’s International Student Visa Announcement

Maddie Meyer / Getty Images

Update: The State of California has filed a lawsuit against the Trump administration against the announcement to deport international students. The Golden State filed after Harvard and MIT filed a lawsuit against the same announcement.

A judge has set the hearing date for the lawsuit filed by Harvard and MIT for Tuesday.

A federal judge in Boston will start hearing the arguments for an injunction against the recent announcement from the federal government Tuesday. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) ordered that all international students will be stripped of student visas if their classes go completely online.

California Attorney General Xavier Becerra said that he will be filing a lawsuit as well.

Attorney General Becerra argues that the decision is arbitrary and only causes undue harm to the people impacted by the decision. Part of the argument is the disregard of the health of those who would be forced to leave. The U.S. has the worst COVID-19 outbreak in the world and the health risks of making thousands of international students suddenly leave the U.S.

Original: Just as students begin to contemplate what a fall semester might look like amid a global health pandemic, the Trump Administration has thrown another curveball at foreign university students. In a new rule issued by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency, foreign students must return to their home country if their school will no longer be offering in-person learning, effectively forcing students to decide between full classrooms or international travel during a health crisis.

Once again, a cruel and poorly thought out, hastily announced rule change has thrown the lives of hundreds of thousands into doubt.

The Trump Administration announced new rules that require foreign students in the U.S. to be part of in-person classes.

Despite the global pandemic that is currently spiraling out of control in the U.S., the Trump Administration has issued new immigration guidelines that require foreign students to be enrolled in in-person learning. With this new rule, foreign students attending colleges that will operate entirely online this fall semester cannot remain in the country to do so.

The new comes just as college students begin to contemplate what their upcoming semester might look like and leaves them with an uncomfortable choice: attend in-person classes during a pandemic or take them online from another country. 

And for students enrolled in schools that have already announced plans to operate fully online, there is no choice. Under the new rules, the State Department will not issue them visas, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection will not allow them to enter the country. 

“Active students currently in the United States enrolled in such programs must depart the country or take other measures, such as transferring to a school with in-person instruction to remain in lawful status,” read a release from ICE’s Student and Exchange Visitor Program. “If not, they may face immigration consequences including, but not limited to, the initiation of removal proceedings

Already, several major universities have announced their intention to offer online learning because of the Coronavirus pandemic.

Credit: Maddie Meyer / Getty Images

The strict new rule comes as higher education institutions are releasing information on their reopening plans. Schools are preparing to offer in-person instruction, online classes or a mix of both.

Eight percent of colleges are planning to operate online, according to the Chronicle of Higher Education, which is tracking the reopening plans of more than 1,000 U.S. colleges. Sixty percent are planning for in-person instruction, and 23% are proposing a hybrid model, with a combined 8.5% undecided or considering a range of scenarios. 

Harvard University is one of the latest institutions to unveil its plans, announcing on Monday that all undergraduate and graduate course instruction for the academic year will be held online. Joining Harvard’s stance are other prestigious universities, including Princeton and the University of Southern California.

The U.S. has more than 1 million international students from around the world.

The U.S. is the number one destination for foreign students around the globe. More than a million foreign students are enrolled at U.S. colleges and universities, although that number has dipped slightly in recent years – largely attributed to the election of Donald Trump.

Mexico sends more than 15,000 students to the U.S. and Brazil is responsible for 16,000 foreign students in the country. By contrast, China and India send a combined almost 600,000 students to study in the U.S.

The new rule is expected to cost U.S. colleges and universities more than $4 billion.

Credit: Eva Hambach / Getty Images

Putting aside the very real health implications of forcing students to decide between attending in-person classes or traveling back to their home country amid a global pandemic, the U.S. economy is also going to take a hit.

International students in the U.S. contributed nearly $41 billion to the national economy in the 2018-2019 academic year. According to the Institute of International Education, the vast majority of funding for international students comes from overseas, rather than being funded by their host institutions, meaning that international students are big business for American universities. While students will still be required pay tuition fees, it’s possible that a hostile policy towards people seeking to study in the US could discourage prospective students.

If fewer international students are able to study in this country, it could spell trouble for the colleges that bank on them. Over the last decade, deep cuts in state funding for higher education have put pressure on schools to admit more students who need less aid, which is why so many schools have come to rely on the revenue from foreign students, who typically pay top dollar. 

“Those students are also, by and large, paying full tuition to study in this country,” Lakhani said. “That’s a really valuable tuition base.”

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Trump Administration Limit DACA Renewals, Blocks New Applications

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Trump Administration Limit DACA Renewals, Blocks New Applications

Ethan Miller / Getty Images

Update July 28, 2020: The Trump administration is intentionally limiting DACA recipients from renewing properly and blocking new applications. On June 18, the Supreme Court ruled that the Trump administration couldn’t end Deferred Actions for Childhood Arrivals the way it did but still could with a different tactic.

DACA recipients are facing another challenge created by the Trump administration.

After losing the battle at the Supreme Court, the Trump administration decided to create more blocks to hinder DACA recipients. The administration announced that DACA recipients will only be allowed to renew for one year instead of two. This is because according to the administration there is still a legal way to stop DACA. The administration is reviewing the SCOTUS decision to figure out the way to put an end to the program it has deemed to be illegal.

Recently, the Trump administration tried to put the program on hold but lost a legal battle in Maryland about that. A federal judge ruled that the Trump administration could not pause DACA and had to allow the program as it was originally intended. After that loss, the Trump administration announced a change that supersedes all orders and places DACA recipients back on the chopping block.

This quiet announcement comes after President Trump claimed to be working on an order that includes a pathway to citizenship.

“I’m going to do a big executive order. I have the power to do it as president and I’m going to make DACA a part of it,” Trump told José Díaz-Balart. “But, we put it in, and we’ll probably going to then be taking it out. We’re working out the legal complexities right now, but I’m going to be signing a very major immigration bill as an executive order, which Supreme Court now, because of the DACA decision, has given me the power to do that.”

Original: For three years, people with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) status faced an uncertain future. The Trump administration was involved in legal battles after abruptly eliminating the program. For the third time this week, the Supreme Court has handed down a major loss for the Trump administration as they protected DACA from Trump’s attack.

The Supreme Court ruled that the Trump administration cannot end DACA.

The 5-4 decision is the third major legal loss for the Trump administration this week. SCOTUS ruled earlier this week that LGBTQ+ cannot be fired for their sexual orientation or gender identity. The court also refused to take up a case challenging California’s sanctuary state law letting the law stand.

The decision to temporarily protect DACA was a split decision with all of the conservative justices (Clarence Thomas, Brett Kavanaugh, Neil Gorsuch, and Samuel A. Alito Jr.) voting in favor of the Trump administration. Justice John Robert joined the liberal justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonia Sotomayor, Stephen Breyer, and Elena Kagan saving the program from the Trump administration, for now.

In the ruling, written by Justice John Roberts, the court cites that the acting secretary of state violated the Administrative Procedures Act when ending the program. Basically, the announcement was lacking substance and did not address key parts of the policy. This made the announcement void of an argument supporting the dismantling of the program.

The ruling is only temporary relief for the hundreds of thousands of young people on DACA.

While the program has been spared, it is not completely saved. The decision from the Supreme Court today focuses on the way DACA was eliminated, not the actual elimination. This means that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) now has time to reevaluate its case against DACA to try again.

“The Court still does not resolve the question of DACA’s rescission,” Alito wrote in his dissent. “Instead, it tells the Department of Homeland Security to go back and try again.”

The conservative justices, while dissenting, did release statements that agreed with parts of the decision to block the Trump administration from eliminating DACA. The Trump administration first announced that they were ending DACA in 2017 with a press conference on the border led by Jeff Sessions.

Justice Sotomayor made her own headlines after calling the case a racist attack.

“I would not so readily dismiss the allegation that an executive decision disproportionately harms the same racial group that the President branded as less desirable mere months earlier,” Justice Sotomayor wrote in her concurrence of the decision.

Organizers and activists are giving credit to the DACA community for this victory.

The DACA community has led the charge to protect their status in the U.S. The movement has largely been done thanks to the work of DACA recipients fighting for their right to be here. For many, it is the only country they know after arriving to the U.S. without proper documentation when they were young children.

The president has tweeted his clear displeasure on the Supreme Court that he tried to stack in his favor by appointing two justices.

Both justice Kavanaugh and Gorsuch were Trump’s appointees. After three losses from the Supreme Court, President Trump followed his usual playbook and accused the Supreme Court of not liking him.

Now, it is time for Congress to act.

With DACA recipients temporarily spared sudden deportation, Congress must act and pass legislation protecting Dreamers from being deported. The Dream Act is one piece of legislation that offers DACA recipients a pathway to citizenship, something most Americans agree with.

READ: ICE Is Threatening To Reopen Deportation Proceedings Against All DACA Recipients Regardless Of DACA Status

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