Entertainment

Twitter Trolled Jonathan Dos Santos For Wearing A ‘Sports Bra’ But There’s A Very Techy And Smart Reason Why He Wears One

In the final match of the CONCACAF Gold Cup, Mexico’s Jonathan dos Santos made the only and winning goal against the U.S. scoring in the 73rd minute to give Mexico a 1-0 lead over in Sunday’s Gold Cup Final. Twitter was in an uproar but over what Dos Santos… was wearing.

After he scored, Dos Santos raced on the field in a victory lap that included lifting his shirt up to his chin. Underneath, we all saw his famous six-pack and what looked to be a sports bra. Of course, Twitter users have questions and are taking to the Internet for answers.

The first phase of questioning was total disbelief.

@raybohn_ / Twitter

The vast majority of folks talking about Dos Santos’ sports bra are just straight up asking, “Did I really just see that?” We’re here to tell you that is exactamente what you saw.

Some beautiful humans made sure to clarify that this is a no-judgment question.

@Annais_Zizou / Twitter

There are certainly some far more judgmental Twitter users asking the same question with all kinds of sexist and homophobic undertones but these avid soccer fans just wanted to understand what Dos Santos was wearing.

Others took the image at face value and were just genuinely pleased at how relatable his wardrobe is.

@___unafer / Twitter

We have yet to spot a single male who exhibited this kind of judgment-free reaction to the idea that Dos Santos was actually wearing a sports bra. Meanwhile, women are excited to see an elite athlete be a little bit more relatable on international television.

The next phase was all about offering proof.

@thekidd203 / Twitter

Yup. “Dude is wearing a sports bra #dossantos #GoldCup2019,” writes @Midlo_RamFan. Another fan wanted to point out that he actually asked this question weeks ago when he first spotted the sports bra, and referred to his own tweet as proof that he saw it first.

Then came the questions. All the questions.

@megustatamales / Twitter

The first question was whether Dos Santos was making a fashion statement. Another question was whether he was wearing a sports bra to honor sports’ heroes? Twitter user @_renesilva_ poised the theory, “When Dos Santos showed the world he was wearing a sports bra, during his goal celebration I was thinking it was to pay respect to San Jose Legend Brandi Chastain.”

Another valid question: Do athletes have man boobs?

@CT_Alchemist / Twitter

We’re not doctors and can’t say for sure. But, yeah, no, Dos Santos definitely is not using a sports bra to support his man boobs.

Does Dos Santos experience nipple chafing?

@jacqypeterson / Twitter

Look, it’s a guarantee that us Latinx Internet nerds have no idea what it’s like to run around in a sweaty shirt for 10 hours cada día. Would we believe it? Absolutely.

But apparently, the ‘sports bra’ is actually a tracking device!

@MiloDaytona / Twitter

According to Gear Patrol, the bras contain highly accurate heart rate monitors and GPS trackers. It gives coaches and trainers “access to data that they previously couldn’t have dreamed of, including speed, distance covered and overall wear and tear on the athlete.”

The folks who already knew that just got to sit back and laugh at the Internet in motion.

@3ElGeneral / Twitter

Compared to commercial trackers, these trackers are able to capture 10 times the amount of data per second. It’s mostly used to limit athletes to prevent injuries. If they see they’re running too fast too early on in training, trainers can tell them to slow down.

Now, the rest of the world gets to judge these Twitter users on how naive they/we are to elite athlete technological advancements.

@gcfonthemoon / Twitter

Yes, America is obsessed with body image and gender roles and the rest of the world knows it. It’s pretty clear to see how women reacted versus men to the idea that the archetype of manliness might be wearing a sports bra. Apparently, Dos Santos and other elite athletes are less concerned with gender roles and more concerned with doing their job.

While Mexico won the Gold Cup, we think technology — and Dos Santos — deserve their own trophy.  👏🏼👏🏼

@lachicanamayra / Twitter

Bravo. You got us all talking and thinking about men wearing sports bras, dragged all the sexist trolls out on the Internet, and are keeping athletes safe. Technology, you win. Nipple chafing, you lose.

A PhD Student Made History By Writing Her Entire Thesis In An Indigenous Peruvian Language

Culture

A PhD Student Made History By Writing Her Entire Thesis In An Indigenous Peruvian Language

Lino Obarallumbo / DailySol

Scholars at Lima’s San Marcos university say it’s the first time a student has written and defended a thesis entirely in a native language. Roxana Quispe Collantes made history when she verbally defended and wrote her thesis in Quechua, a language of the Incas. While Quechua is spoken by 8 million people in the Andes with half of them in Peru, it speaks volumes that this hasn’t happened before at the 468-year-old university, the oldest in the Americas. 

Quispe Collantes studied Peruvian and Latin American literature with a focus on poetry written in Quechua. The United Nations International Year of Indigenous Languages program has Peru a part of a global campaign to revive 2,680 indigenous languages at risk of going extinct. Peru is home to 21 of those languages. 

Roxana Quispe Collantes brings Inca culture to her doctoral candidacy.

Quispe Collantes began her presentation with a traditional Inca thanksgiving ceremony. She presented her thesis “Yawar Para” (or blood rain) by using coca leaves and chicha, a corn-based alcoholic beverage in the ritual.

For seven years, the student studied Andrés Alencastre Gutiérrez, a poet who wrote in Quechua, and used the pen name Kilku Warak’aq. For her thesis, she analyzed his mixture of Andrean traditions and Catholicism. 

“I’ve always wanted to study in Quechua, in my original language,” she told the Observer

Quispe Collantes traveled to highland communities in the Canas to confirm the definitions of words in the Collao dialect of Quechua used in the Cusco region. 

“I needed to travel to the high provinces of Canas to achieve this translation and the meaning of toponyms that I couldn’t find anywhere,” she said. “I asked my parents, my grandparents and teachers, and [it didn’t prove fruitful].”

Quechua entering the academic discourse can help preserve it. 

“Quechua doesn’t lack the vocabulary for an academic language. Today many people mix the language with Spanish,” she said. “I hope my example will help to revalue the language again and encourage young people, especially women, to follow my path. It’s very important that we keep on rescuing our original language.”

Her doctoral adviser Gonzo Espino told The Guardian he believes Quispe Collantes’ thesis was a symbolic gesture. 

“[The language] represented the most humble people in this part of the world: the Andeans, who were once called ‘Indians’. Their language and culture has been vindicated,” he said. 

It should go without saying but the doctoral candidate received top marks on her project.

Quechua is the most widely spoken indigenous language in South America. 

The oldest written records of Quechua were in 1560 in Grammatica o arte de la lengua general de los indios de los reynos del Perú by Domingo de Santo, a missionary who learned and wrote the language. Before the expansion of the Inca Empire, Quechua spread across the central Andes. The language took a different shape in the Cusco region where it was influenced by neighboring languages like Aymara. Thus, today there is a wide range of dialects of Quechua as it evolved in different areas. 

In the 16th century, the Inca Empire designated Quechua as their official language following the Spanish conquest of Peru. Many missionaries and members of the Catholic Church learned Quechua so that they could evangelize Indigenous folks. 

Quispe Collantes grew up speaking the language with her parents and grandparents in the Acomayo district of Cusco. Quechua today is often mixed with Spanish and she hopes that “Yawar Para” will inspire others to revisit the original form. 

Peru takes Quechua to the mainstream. 

Under the United Nations International Year of Indigenous Languages campaign, this year, Peru began the official registration of names in its 48 indigenous languages.

The U.N. launched its initiative to preserve indigenous languages in 2019 after the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues determined that, “40 percent of the estimated 6,700 languages spoken around the world were in danger of disappearing. The fact that most of these are indigenous languages puts the cultures and knowledge systems to which they belong at risk.”

According to the Guardian, for years, Peruvian registrars refused to recognize indigenous names on public records. They would then force indigenous people to register Hispanic or English-sounding names on government forms while keeping their real names at home. 

“Many registrars tended not to register indigenous names, so parents felt the name they had chosen wasn’t valued,” said Danny Santa María, assistant manager of academic research at Reniec. “We want to promote the use of indigenous names and recognize the proper way to write them on birth certificates and ID documents.”

In 2016, Peru began airings its first news broadcast in Quechua and other native languages, ushering into the mainstream. 

“My greatest wish is for Quechua to become a necessity once again. Only by speaking it can we revive it,” Quispe Collantes said.

13 Facts About The Mythical Mexican Revolution That You Can Impress Your Abuelita With

Culture

13 Facts About The Mythical Mexican Revolution That You Can Impress Your Abuelita With

Topical Press Agency / Getty

Every year, November 20 marks the anniversary of the Mexican Revolution, a historical event that has fascinated historians, artists, poets, filmmakers and everyday people for generations. The Mexican Revolution was in fact not a single military confrontation, but a multitude of fronts that made the period a very convoluted and complex network of alliances, intrigue and battlefronts. 

So brush up on your Mexican history and impress your abuelita with these facts that lay it all out con peras y manzanas. 

1. So who was fighting who and why?

Credit: Proyecto Puente

This historical event is also known as Mexican Civil War, as some historians argue that rather than a unified movement to overthrow the government it was in fact a series of local revolts against those in power. In 1910 Porfirio Diaz was reelected under dubious circumstances, extending his government even further after he had been in power for three decades. His opponent Francisco I. Madero, a wealthy man by all accounts, contested the results and assumed the presidency in 1911 after a year of conflict between two sectors of the Mexican elite. The middle-class and those in the lowest echelons of the social scale also despised Diaz and joined the fight. Among them was Pancho Villa, a wealthy man from Northern Mexico. 

2. So did peace reign once Madero was elected? Nah! He was killed in 1913. 

Credit: Revista Bicentenario

Not at all! The conflict extended for another decade, as conservatives opposed Madero and revolutionary fighters saw him as too conservative. Madero and his vice president Pino Suarez resigned in 1913 and were assassinated. Total chaos ensued as the vacuum in power made different factions seek control over the presidency. 

3. A succession of governments followed, deepening the civil war… bloodshed spread all over the country like a wild fire.

After Madero was killed, a counter revolutionary general, Victoriano Huerta, became president. But his mandate was ephemeral: he only stayed in power from February 2013 to June 2014. Huerta was a representative of the old regime and the business interests that wanted to keep the status quo. He was forced out by a series of regional uprisings that later developed into a generalised state of armed conflict that lasted roughly for six more years. He was succeeded by Venustiano Carranza, a wealthy landowner who fought Villa in the North and a legendary revolutionary in the South…

4. So where does Emiliano Zapata fit into this gran desmadre?

As far as icons go, Zapata is perhaps the most recognizable. The thick moustache, canana, rifle and manly disposition has become a true cultural phenomenon. Even Marlon Brando once famously played him in film. Well, Zapata opened the battlefront in the southern states and became a symbol of indigenous struggle against the elites. Zapata was assassinated in 1919 by Carranza’s forces. 

5. And were there really female soldiers? You betcha.

Known as soldaderas, a group of women performed vital roles among revolutionary forces. Some cared for the injured or made food, while many others took up arms and became legendary battle-tested combatants. They are also known as Adelitas.

6. Some historians now claim that the conflict ended in 1917.

Credit: All That Is Interesting

The fighting continued until 1920, but in political terms things came at a tense calm when the 1917 Constitution was brought into effect. However, Venustiano Carranza’s forces kept fighting the guerrilla efforts of Emiliano Zapata before and after his death. 

7.  So did the Mexican Revolution translate into a more equal country? Nope, not really.

Credit: All That Is Interesting

The Mexican Revolution started as a conflict among the elites. Figures like Madero, Huerta, Carranza and even Pancho Villa were all wealthy men trying to defend what was theirs, who worried that Porfirio Diaz was in fact a dictator after 31 years in power. The poor and vulnerable, however, did not benefit directly from the civil war. 

8. A guerrilla movement in the 1990s, and still alive Today, even took on the ideals championed by Emiliano Zapata.

Credit: Mexico News Daily

Chances are you have heard of the EZLN or Zapatista Army for National Liberation, a guerrilla movement that was born out of the forests of Chiapas in 1994. Well, the movement’s leaders have described it as a continuation of Zapata’s unfinished business in terms of reparation for indigenous communities. 

9. Casualties were enormous: up to 1.5 million people died.

Credit: The Toro Historical Review

The human cost of the conflict was massive, with casualties in the millions. Just imagine ten years of extended warfare and the gradual deterioration of infrastructure that led to more indirect deaths (hospitals were destroyed, so life expectancy dropped particularly in the poorest regions). There was also a vast migration to the United States, which some place around 200,000 displaced individuals and families who looked for refuge in Los Esteits. 

10. Corridos, a troubadour-like musical genre, was born out of the war.

Credit: The Strachwitz Frontera Collection

As has happened with many armed conflicts, the Mexican Revolution generated new manifestations of popular culture. Among them were corridos, songs that tell the adventures and misfortunes of revolutionary icons. Today’s variant, narco-corridos, talk about cartel members. 

11. The Mexican Revolution gave birth to the institutions that structure political life in Mexico today.

Credit: Sec. De. Mexico

The governments that emerged from the ashes of the war established the institutional frameworks on which the Mexican government rests today, such as State Secretariats and the elimination of the vice-presidential figure. 

12. The revolution also gave birth to a political party that ruled Mexico for 71 years and some have called the perfect dictatorship.

Plutarco Elias Calles founded the Partido Nacional Revolucionario in 1929. This party emblazoned the ideals of the revolution… at least on paper. The name changed throughout the years to finally become the PRI (Revolutionary Institutional Party, a contradiction even in its name!) in 1946. The party ruled Mexico for 71 years and some agree with Peruvian Nobel Prize winner Mario Vargas Llosa, who once called it the perfect dictatorship.  

13. One of the most recognizable monuments in Mexico City was built to commemorate the Mexican Revolution.

Credit: AmMejia / Giphy

El Monumento a la Revolucion is one of the most recognizable icons of Mexico City, and it has a very interesting history. The structure was built during the Porfiriato and was due to become thew Federal Legislative Palace. However, due to the war it was never finished, so the half-built structure came to signify a change and the birth of a new government based on revolutionary ideals.