Entertainment

Viewers Are Calling Out Amazon For Whitewashing History With The New Series ‘Hernán’

This year marks 500 years since Hernán Cortes met Aztec emperor Moctezuma. The meeting marked the beginning of the violent and dark period known as Mexico’s Conquista. In honor of the, not so happy, anniversary Amazon Mexico and Latin America dropped a series based on the historic event. “Hernán,” follows the conquistador’s journey and retells everything that happened after docking his ship off the coast of Mexico, according to him, that is.

Mexico’s conquista was an important and violent chapter in history, one that transformed, not only one country, but the whole continent. The historic event is being revisited by the heavily publicized show “Hernán, La Serie.”

Credit: ishbelbautista / Instagram

For the first time ever, a TV show will be retelling the events that went down between Hernán Cortes and the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. Set in 1519, the series starring Óscar Jaenada, turns on the conquest of Mexico by Cortés and his troops and will be narrated by the Spanish conquistador as the protagonist of this momentous time in Mexico and Spain’s history. The sailor and explorer will be meeting important characters like Moctezuma, Alvarado, Olid and the infamous Malintzin or Malinche.

The Spanish actor Oscar Jaenada, stars as Cortes, as part of a mostly Spanish cast and crew.

Credit: ojaenada / Instagram

Jaenada leads a cast from Mexico and Spain including Víctor Clavijo (Captain Cristóbal de Olid), Michel Brown (Captain Alvarado), Dagoberto Gama (Moctezuma), Jorge Guerrero (Xiconténcatl), Almagro San Miguel (Captain Sandoval), Ishbel Bautista (Marina / Malinche) and Aura Garrido (Doña Juana).

Touted as the most expensive Hispanic series in history by Dopamine, “Hernán” was shot on location and on sets built in both Spain and Mexico, with special effects by El Ranchito, whose credits include “Game of Thrones.”

The filming of “Hernán,” in Xochimilco, left the Mexico City canals seriously damaged. 

Touted as the most expensive Hispanic series in history by Dopamine, “Hernán” was shot on location and on sets built in both Spain and Mexico, with special effects by El Ranchito, whose credits include “Game of Thrones.”

The series’ cast and crew took over an area of the famous canals of Mexico city to film a few key scenes. The environmental damage was so severe that the production was fined over 74 million Mexican pesos by Sedema (Mexico’s Secretariat of Environment).

People are not exactly happy with the representation of the great Aztec and indigenous characters. 

Credit: @eduardofake05 / Twitter

Some have found that the show doesn’t seem to do justice to historic records of what Moctezuma looked like. Chronicles describe the Aztec emperor, Moctezuma, as an opulent and imposing leader who wore rich feathers, gold, and gemstones. The series, however, present the emperor in a much more modest fashion —and the actor even sports a belly. “I’m complaining about how Moctezuma was depicted, a short man with a beer belly. Go to hell,” wrote one unimpressed Twitter user.  

Another thing that left us dumbfounded, was the fact that in 2019, the series is based on the Spanish POV, not the indigenous experience. 

Credit: @feli_chuy01 / Twitter

One viewer tweeted directly at the Mexican network that produced the show “@AztecaSiete Why tell the story of Hernan Cortes and give a Spaniard such an important role instead of making a show around Moctezuma or the Aztec people?” —As we know the colonial takeovers of the Americas, led by Hernan Cortes, ended in the death of millions of indigenous people and the forced assimilation of survivors. And we still need to see his side of the story?

Twitter users were quick to express their opinions. 

Credit: @joshcotera / Twitter

Many viewers were not impressed by the angle. A quick Twitter search will show more hundreds of threads unpacking the series. “Is it just me or is this show based on the Spanish experience. According to everything I’ve read, the series has a huge Spanish influence,” wrote one Twitter user, “I’d like to see a second part titled ‘Moctezuma’, and see the experience of the defeated. But of course, let’s watch ‘Hernán’ first,” he added sarcastically. 

By retelling the Conquistador’s account of history the series supports the whitewashed narrative perpetuated in public discourse and in schools, where children are taught simplistic and incomplete information about the conquest.

Credit: @sincorteza / Twitter

Thinking back to my own childhood, I was taught that Malinalli, or Malinche, fell in love with Cortes, and she betrayed her people by giving him Tenochtitlan. The true story must have been much more complex than that romanticized version and, tbh, the story sounds suspiciously similar to that of Pocahontas and Captain John Smith. The simplistic and incomplete narrative I and many other Mexican children have been taught obscures our understanding of history and demonizes an indigenous character by turning her into the bad guy, the traitor.

“Hernán” tells the story of the infamous man in 8 episodes through the perspective of Malinche, Moctezuma, Pedro Alvarado, Xicotencatl, Cristóbal de Olid, Bernal Díaz del Castillo, and Gonzalo de Sandoval, all important characters who were around him during the conquest of Mexico.

Credit: @sergiosarmiento / Twitter

“Hernán Cortes is a character that no one loves, not even the Spanish,” explained Jaenada in an interview. The Spanish actor who played the infamous Conquistador added that Hernán “was an explosive man, every place he set foot on, he burned to the ground and exploited.” The actor read countless books on the historical period to help build the complex character.

Jaenada first started reading up on Hernán Cortes close to a decade ago, when Javier Bardem first approached him about a series based on the conquistador, produced alongside Steven Spielberg.

Credit: @vibemagazine / Twitter

The story of Cortes and his exploits in Mexico have long fascinated Hollywood.

Last year, Amazon announced that it had greenlit a four-hour miniseries titled “Cortes” from Steven Spielberg and Amblin Television. To be toplined by Oscar-winner Javier Bardem, the series will be created for television and penned by Steven Zaillian (“Schindler’s List”), based on a five-decade-old movie script by screenwriter Dalton Trumbo. The proposed film titled “Montezuma” centered on the thorny relationship between Cortes and Aztec ruler Moctezuma II. HBO had also been developing a series about the conquistador.

As one Twitter user echoed the sentiment eloquently.

Credit: @clm / Twitter

We all know the story, and it’s our job to demand that it’s told with cultural and historical accuracy, not as a one-dimensional, romanticized story that is both harmful and simplistic.

READ: Descendants Of Both Hernán Cortés And Emperor Moctezuma Urge Mexicans To Move On From The Past 500 Years Later

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A University Is Releasing A Historic Mexican Cookbook Filled With Recipes You’d Want To Try

Culture

A University Is Releasing A Historic Mexican Cookbook Filled With Recipes You’d Want To Try

UTSA

The University of Texas San Antonio is bringing the history of Mexico into our kitchens. The university is releasing cookbooks that are collections of historic Mexican recipes. Right now, the desserts book is out and online for free. Main dishes and appetizers/drinks are coming soon.

You can now taste historic Mexico thanks to the University of Texas San Antonio.

UTSA has had an ongoing project of preserving, collecting, and digitizing cookbooks from throughout Mexico’s history. Some books date back to the 1700s and offer a look into Mexico’s culinary arts and its evolution.

UTSA has been digitizing Mexican cookbooks for years and the work is now being collected for people in the time of Covid.

Millions of us are still at home and projects like these can be very exciting and exactly what you need. The recipes are a way to distract yourself from the current reality.

“The e-pubs allow home cooks to use the recipes as inspiration in their own kitchens,” Dean Hendrix, the dean of UTSA Libraries, said in UTSA Today. “Our hope is that many more people will not only have access to these wonderful recipes but also interact with them and experience the rich culture and history contained in the collection.”

The free downloads are a way for people to get a very in-depth look into Mexican food history.

The first of three volumes of the cookbooks focuses on desserts so you can learn how to make churros, chestnut flan, buñelos, and rice pudding. What better way to spend your quarantine than learning how to make some of these yummy desserts. We all love sweets, right?

If you want to get better with making your favorite desserts, check out this cookbook and make it happen.

There is nothing better than diving into your history and using food as your guide. Food is so intrinsically engrained in our DNAs and identities. We love the foods and sweets from our childhood because they hold a clue as to who we are and where we come from. This historical collection of recipes throughout history is the perfect way to make that happen.

READ: The Laziest Food Hacks In All Of The Land Would Send Your Abuela To The Chancla

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Brazil’s Remote Indigenous Communities Are At Risk Of Covid-19 After Healthcare Workers Test Positive

Things That Matter

Brazil’s Remote Indigenous Communities Are At Risk Of Covid-19 After Healthcare Workers Test Positive

Michael Dantas / Getty Images

The Coronavirus pandemic has been ravaging Brazilian cities for months. In fact, Brazil is number two in the world when it comes to both deaths and infections. Cities like Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo have struggled to carry on as much of the economy and the health care system has collapsed. Many have attributed these dire conditions as consequences of President Bolsonaro’s failed policies.

Now, Brazil’s remote Indigenous communities are facing a similar crisis – although one that could be even worse thanks to a severe lack of access to medical care. A team of medical workers sent to protect the country’s native populations has actually done the opposite – as more than a thousands workers test positive for the virus and have spread it among remote tribes.

For months, as the Coronavirus tore through Brazil, Indigenous tribes across the vast country have tried to protect themselves by strictly limiting access to their villages. Some have setup armed roadblocks and others have hunkered down in isolated camps.

But it appears that all of that may have been in vain. According to interviews and federal data obtained by The New York Times, the health workers charged by the federal government with protecting the country’s Indigenous populations may be responsible for spreading the disease in several Indigenous communities. More than 1,000 workers with the federal Indigenous health service, known as Sesai, have tested positive for Coronavirus as of early July.

As news of the infections spread across the villages, communities became alarmed. “Many people grabbed some clothes, a hammock and ran into the forest to hide,” said Thoda Kanamari, a leader of the union of Indigenous peoples in the vast territory, home to groups with little contact with the outside world. “But it was too late, everyone was already infected.”

Health workers say they have been plagued by insufficient testing and protective gear. Working without protective equipment or access to enough tests, these workers may have inadvertently endangered the very communities they were trying to help.

Now, news of the region’s first deaths linked to the virus have started to emerge and there’s fear it will get much worse.

Credit: Tarso Sarraf / Getty Images

The remote villages that dot the Amazon region have also started to report their very first deaths linked to Coronavirus. Despite raging out of control in Brazil’s cities, remote Indigenous villages have faired quite well. That’s all beginning to change.

The Amazon region, which Brazil’s government says is home to greatest concentration of isolated Indigenous groups in the world, is now seeing an outbreak of Covid-19 – one that many fear will be hard to stop. Experts fear the new coronavirus could spread rapidly among people with less resistance even to already common diseases and limited access to health care, potentially wiping out some smaller groups.

So far, more than 15,500 Indigenous Brazilians have been diagnosed with the Coronavirus, including at least 10,889 living in protected territories, according to Instituto Socioambiental, an Indigenous rights organization. At least 523 have died.

The alarming news comes as Brazil continues to struggle in its response to the pandemic.

Credit: Michael Dantas / Getty Images

With nearly 2.1 million confirmed cases and more than 80,000 deaths, as of July 22, Brazil’s Covid-19 catastrophe is the world’s second worst, after the United States.

And now an illness that has ravaged major cities like Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo is at risk of spreading unchecked in some of the county’s most vulnerable communities. Health care workers, Indigenous leaders and experts blame major shortcomings that have turned Brazil into a global epicenter of the pandemic.

Robson Santos da Silva, the Army colonel at the head of Sesai, defended the agency’s response during the pandemic, and brushed off criticism as “a lot of disinformation, a lot of politics.”

Complicating the outbreak in Brazil’s remote villages (and even in the large cities) is that tests have been in short supply and often unreliable, which means some doctors and nurses with asymptomatic or undiagnosed cases have traveled to vulnerable communities and worked in them for days.

Criticism of President Jair Bolsonaro’s handling of the pandemic, within Indigenous territories and beyond, is mounting.

Brazil has largely struggled to contain the pandemic thanks to the policies of its populist right-wing president who has denounced the pandemic as nothing more than a “little flu.” Within a couple of months of the initial outbreak, Bolsonaro lost two health ministers – who were physicians – and replaced them with an Army general who has no experience in health care.

And the backlash to Bolsonaro’s failed policies seems to be growing. Early this month, a judge on Brazil’s Supreme Court ordered the government to redouble efforts to shield Indigenous people from the virus by coming up with a comprehensive plan within 30 days and setting up a “situation room” staffed by officials and Indigenous representatives.

More recently, another Supreme Court judge generated consternation in the Bolsonaro administration by warning that the armed forces could be held responsible for a “genocide” over their handling of the pandemic in Indigenous communities.

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