The Sahuaraura manuscript is considered a fundamental part of Peruvian history and culture. This piece Peruvian history, written by hand, was lost for a century and a half. Placed under the care of the then Public Library of Lima, the document disappeared in 1883 inexplicably—and now, over a hundred years later, it’s been found.
A part of the history of Peru, written by hand, was lost for a century and a half.
Peru National Library
During the Pacific War from (between 1879 and 1883), a manuscript of great value, was lost. Placed under the safekeeping of the then Public Library of Lima, the document was mysteriously lost.
“Recuerdos de la monarquía peruana, ó bosquejo de la historia de los incas”
The document titled “Recuerdos de la monarquía peruana,ó bosquejo de la historia de los incas” was a historical treaties written by hand by the priest, scholar and national hero, ‘Justo Sahuaraura Inca’, whom, it was believed, was a descendant of the sovereign, Huayna Capac, third Sapan Inka of the Inca Empire, born in Tumipampa and the second to last ruler over the Tahuantinsuyo empire.
The document disappeared for nearly 150 years.
It wasn’t until 2015, when, by chance, the Sahuaraura manuscript was found thousands of kilometers away. The document was lost for nearly 150 years, nowhere to be found.
It was discovered in Brazil
As it turned out, a family in Sao Paulo, had had it in their possession for over four decades —and hoped to sell it in the U.S. during a high profile auction by the renowned auction house, Sotheby’s.
Peruvian authorities are organizing an exhibition to show the document publicly in celebration of its return to Peru.
After four years of formalities and paperwork, the Sahuaraura manuscript is finally back where it disappeared from, the now National Library of Perú. And to celebrate its return, authorities have organized an exhibition to show the document publicly for the first time. The return of the document took place just last week, and it was amongst 800 other historical and archaeological pieces including Incan ceramics, textiles and bibliographic materials that were all stolen decades ago —and that the Peruvian government finally located and retrieved from 6 different countries.
Of all the objects rescued, the manuscript holds a place of special importance for Peruvian history.
Peru National Library
The Sahuaraura text is considered a fundamental part of Peruvian historiography and the cultural value of the manuscript is ‘incalculable’. “Only this copy exists,” explained the Ministry of Peruvian Culture, Francesco Petrozzi, “and it tells us, very clearly, about a period in our history that we must all know about and study closely.”
It took, Sahuaraura, a member and descendant of the Incan noble family, years of research, consulting archives and documents —now lost— to be able to construct his primal history of Peru with data cited, very rarely, on other works about the arrival of Spanish conquistadors into this region of the continent.
The Sahuaraura manuscript includes an illustrated genealogy study.
The book also goes into great detail about the genealogy of the rulers of the vast pre-columbian territories that conformed the Incan empire with its capital in Cusco, which provides a huge insight into the history of the region to modern researchers.
The manuscript details Peruvian history, from the foundations of the empire, until the largest indigenous rebellion against Spanish rule in the region.
The text starts from Manco Cápac, who was thought to be the first ruler and founder of the Incan culture, and follows history all the way up to Túpac Amaru, the indigenous leader who fronted the largest anti-colonial rebellion in Latin America in the XVIII century.
What is known of Sahuaraura, the scholar himself?
Museo Histórico Regional de Cusco
The priest and scholar is an icon of Peruvian culture and history. He was born towards the end of the XVIII century and he was the son of a leader of one of the regions of Cusco, which is why some chroniclers believe he belonged to the highest lines of Incan nobility. He became a priest and joined the Catholic church, which named him synodal examiner of the bishopric and general liaison with six provinces of Cusco.
It is said that he received Simon Bolivar himself —a Venezuelan military and political leader who led the independence of what are currently the states of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama from the Spanish Empire —in his own house, and that the libertador gave him a medal for his services toward the freedom of Peru.
Sahuaraura also documented important literary works of the Incan empire in his works.
Among the many other manuscripts that the scholar worked on, and that also compile different aspects of Incan history, there is a literary anthology of the empire. This document includes the codex of Ollantay drama, considered by some, the most ancient expression of Quechua literature.
Sahuaraura himself went missing.
Nothing is known about the death of this scholar. Sahuaraura himself went missing from Peruvian history at a time unknown. All that is known is that he retired somewhere in Cusco, and no one ever knew anything about him after. There is no information on the place or date of his death.
Finding the perfect gift for mom is always a challenge, isn’t it? You may already have ideas for gifts to give your siblings, or friends, or even your abuelos, but moms are tough to shop for. That’s why we’re thinking, why not gift her something fun and clever? It’s the experiences that we remember the most, so maybe a bland gift won’t be as memorable as that hilarious mug you got her that Christmas of 2019. So have a read below to find some comical and clever presents for your mamita. Because Latinos don’t give basic gifts, we won’t let you down.
Nothing sweeter, prettier or more classic, than gifting mom a piece of jewelry —or wait— we can think of something sweeter; a piece of jewelry with the word mami on it. “Mom” just doesn’t quite describe the head of a Latino family, the only term that can do her justice is mami or mamita or ‘her majesty… just saying.
‘La Jefa’ apron
Sorry, this apron is for boss Latinas only*. If you are not one, please hit the back button on your browser immediately. Mom is the ultimate jefa. She runs the house, she runs the family, she raised you, for God’s sake —is there anything the woman can’t do? Get her the apron, she deserves it.
‘Andale Por Pendeja’ t-shirt
If your mom is anything like mine, or any other mom on the planet, saying “I told you so” doesn’t quite cut it, and sometimes she might want to get her point across with just a smidge of judgment. Thankfully, mitú made this Ándale Por Pendeja Tee for such occasions!
Mom’s Favorite Candle Set
You know who would love this Latino-inspired Candle Collection? Your mom. No, really. She’d love this refreshingly minty Sana Sana candle, or perhaps the soapy fragrance of this Te Botéone? And who could ever resist the iconic (yet triggering) Saturday morning scent of Fabulosa? No one, that’s who!
‘Poderosa’ hoop earrings
Nothing but the best for your queen. These hoops are 14 karat gold plated brass, and you know she deserves them. Because we’ve never met a more poderosa woman than a madre de familia.
Your mom was your very first comadre before you even made friends. Remind her about your special bond with this ‘Comadres’ tee, she’ll be moved to tears, guaranteed.
‘World’s best suegra’
Surprise your suegra with this mug, she hugs like a mother and loves like a friend so she deserves the best!! Ideal for the perfect mom-in-law.
‘Te Calmas o Te Calmo’ chanclas
Who knew the most triggering of phrases would make a badass pair of chanclas? This Te Calmas O Te Calmo chanclas are not only fashionable, but subtly threatening to anyone who grew up in a Latino household, and it makes the perfect phrase for that mom who’s always keeping you in check. Help make her life easier by gifting her some chanclas with her signature phrase printed on it. You’re welcome.
‘La Jefa’ iPhone case
Mom has some important phone calls to make, so let her make them in style. Help her flaunt her endless poder every time she takes out her phone.
Concha Fleece Blanket
Carbs are the devil, yes, but mom’s precious conchas and cafecito definitely don’t count! Help mami stay warm in the winter with this Concha Fleece Blanket and enjoy whatever sweet dreams may come. And maybe make her a damn coffee once in a while.
‘House Favorite’ dog bandana
Let’s be real here. The true golden child of your house is the dog. You know it, your siblings know it, and your mom knows it, too. Getting your mom’s beloved doggo a present equals to getting a present for the woman herself! So we made this House Favorite Dog Bandana for all of mom’s good boys and good girls out there.
There will never be a more hermosa woman in your life. Mom deserves these hoops because she’s a hardworking queen and a role model, and she’s nothing but ‘hermosa’ every day, even on Sundays, when she’s doing la limpieza in her flashiest outfits.
‘Pa qué highlighter’ Makeup bag
This little cosmetics bag would be a lifesaver for the makeup obsessed mom. Remind that makeup queen that she doesn’t need any highlighter with that brown shine of hers. This vegan leather bag is perfect for holding all of mami’s day-to-day essentials. Take this with you and shine.